Pitt-Rivers - Manuscript Collections Listing - Pitt Rivers Museum Papers

Lieutenant-General Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt RiversManuscript Collections

Pitt-Rivers Papers

The papers of Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers given to the Pitt Rivers Museum in 2012 by his great-grandson Anthony Pitt-Rivers. See here for biography of Augustus Pitt-Rivers, and here for a great deal of information about him and his life's work, including his two collections, the first of which was the founding collection of the Pitt Rivers Museum. To find out more about the artefacts in his collections please go here. Please note that digital versions of (most of) the contents of Boxes 1-3 are available, see the accession numbers which are weblinks (eg Box 1/ B1) and follow the links.

Pitt-Rivers papers Boxes 1 and 2

Introduction: Boxes 1 and 2 contain correspondence which was donated in a box file with alphabetical dividers, it has been kept in the original order. The letters and numbers under which the following entries are catalogued therefore indicate under which divider the correspondence was originally filed. Letter Box 1 / B1 therefore is the first letter in the section marked B, and in fact the very first letter found in the box file, there being no letters under A. As the letter relates to archaeological remains in Bath it is clear to see that the system was (the remnants of?) the mail administration system for Pitt-Rivers' correspondence relating to his role as Inspector of Ancient Monuments. If available, at the end of the catalogue entry for each letters, in square brackets, is the heading under which Pitt-Rivers filed it (handwritten on the top of the letter by him). In the case of the first letter (B1) this is 'Roman Baths, Bath'. All letters are single sheets and handwritten unless stated otherwise.
Please note that experience of other Pitt-Rivers correspondence [at Salisbury Museum] would suggest that this is not the entirety of Pitt-Rivers' correspondence about Ancient Monuments.

Box 1: Correspondence

You can find transcriptions of the following letters here [PDF] here: Box 1/ B3, Box 1/ B4, Box 1/ B7, Box 1/ C1, Box 1/ M2 & Box 1/ G1 & Box 1/ C4, Box 1/ C5, Box 1/ E2, Box 1/ G2, Box 1/ G3, Box 1/ G4, Box 1/ G6, Box 1/ H2, Box 1/ H3, Box 1/ L1, Box 1/ L2, Box 1/ L5, Box 1/ M1.

Box 1 / B1        Letter from Reverend A.H. Union [?] of Henrietta Street Bath dated 27 July 1886 regarding the need to preserve Roman remains in the City of Bath [Roman Bath's Bath]

Box 1 / B2        Letter dated 16 July 1890 from John Bruce providing a copy of an enlarged photograph of illegible place (?Bough). [not provided] [Anc. Mons]

Box 1 / B3        Letter dated 23 November 1883 from David Milne-Home (1805-1890)(see here) regarding ancient monuments in Berwickshire.

2 large folded blue paper notes headed 'A.M.P.A. Guardianship of Ancient Monuments in County of Berwickshire', pinned together which contain transcriptions of letters to and from David Milne-Home in September and October 1882.

Copy of letter dated 21 November 1883 from Pitt-Rivers to Home.

Box 1 / B4        Letter from Pitt-Rivers to Mr Banks (sic, actually presumably [Walter] Ralph Bankes, 1853-1904, the owner of Kingston Lacy estate (which included this monument)) dated 3 February 1887 regarding Badbury Rings. (See here) [Badbury Rings]

Letter from Bankes to Pitt-Rivers dated 8 February [1887] answering previous letter.

Box 1 / B5        Letter from Reginald A. [Alfred?] Gatty (1845-?), Bradfield Rectory, Sheffield, dated 3 October 1887 regarding The Bailey at Bradfield. (See here)

A further letter from Gatty dated 3 December 1887 regarding The Bailey

A white envelop marked on front 'The Bailey at Bradfield Mr Gatty's letters. Owner of The Bailey / J Hoole Esq / Edgefield / Bradfield / Yorkshire', and on reverse 'The Bailey at Bradfield Mr Gatty's letters' [the envelop is empty][The Bailey at Bradfield]

Box 1 / B6        Letter from Robert Blair [?] dated 29 December 187 [presumably 1887], part of an on-going correspondence of which this is the only survivor that is known, and referring to a standing stone at 'Matfen Hall, the residence of the Blacketts' in Northumberland (see here and here), and also other sites, includes 3 drawings of standing stones. [Anc. Mons]

Box 1 / B7        2 copies (both handwritten by Pitt-Rivers) of the same copy letter to the Duke of Marlborough dated 17 June 1884 regarding Barbury Castle in Wiltshire. (See here)

Letter from Charles? Waldon of the Estates Office, Blenheim Palace dated 2 July 1884 answering the above on behalf of the Duke of Marlborough, asking Pitt-Rivers to delay considering Barbury Castle as an ancient monument as the Duke was negotiating its disposal.

Letter from Henry Kemble of Overtown, Swindon (possibly see here) to Pitt-Rivers dated 25 June 1884 regarding Barbury Castle.

Letter from Henry Kemble of Overtown, Swindon to Pitt-Rivers dated 3 July 1884 regarding Barbury Castle. His mother, owner of part of the Barbury Castle site, had written to him to confirm she would prefer that her portion of the site was not placed under the act of 1882.

Letter from Edward Hungerford Goddard, Clyffe Vicarage Wootton Bassett to Pitt-Rivers 8 September 1896 asking if Barbury Castle is under the Ancient Monuments Act. See here for further correspondence from him to Pitt-Rivers [Barbury Castle]

 
Box 1 / C1        Letter dated 19 May 1891 to Pitt-Rivers from George Payne (1848-1920), see here. Asks Pitt-Rivers to visit Coldrum with him and colleagues. See here.

Copy of letter made in 11 July 1899  [in Pitt-Rivers’ hand?] dated from G.P. [presumably George Payne] to Pitt-Rivers dated 11 November 1889, asking if he has seen the megaliths at Coldrum.

Letter dated 30 July 1891 to Pitt-Rivers from George Payne asking again when Pitt-Rivers could visit Coldrum

Letter dated 9 September 1891 to Pitt-Rivers from George Payne saying that Payne had arranged for a Royal Engineer to survey Coldrum saving Pitt-Rivers bringing an assistant with his visit. [Coldrum Anct Mont]

Letter dated 27 August 1891 to Pitt-Rivers from George Payne saying that he had obtained permission of the owners and tenant of Coldrum to place the monuments under the Ancient Monuments Act.

Letter dated 16 June 1894 to Pitt-Rivers from [illegible, possibly FW. Fawcett, possibly Frederick Fawcett?] stating that Coldrum Lodge [the megaliths] was 'very much in need of proper care', with many of the stones having fallen. [See Box 2 R3 also]

Box 1 / C2        Letter from William Henry St John Hope (1854-1919), Secretary, Society of Antiquaries of London, dated 9 March 1888. The Executive Committee had asked him to forward a letter from Sir John Maclean regarding the destruction of earthworks on Clifton Down (see here), and saying that if Pitt-Rivers decided to take action on the case, the Society would be prepared to support his case. Also enclosed letter from Mr Hudd FSA about the matter. [Earthworks Clifton Downs]

Letter from Sir John Maclean (1811-1895) see here dated 8 March 1888 to W.H.St.J. Hope [see above], clipping from the Western Daily Press 8 March 1888 regarding the site glued into third page.

Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers (Grosvenor Gardens) dated 14 March 1888 to unnamed recipient [but probably the Mayor of Bristol, see on] asking that he / they did what they could to prevent the destruction of the Clifton site.

Letter, unsigned headed 'the Council House, Bristol' dated 15 March 1888 acknowledging receipt of Pitt-Rivers' letter of 14 March and stating that there was no intention of interfering with the 'Roman British Camp on Clifton Down'.

Box 1 / C3        Letter from [illegible, possibly Runddle?] of Whitsbury, Breamore, Salisbury dated 3 May 1890 regarding the removal of human bones from 'the mound' which he offered to send to Pitt-Rivers. Includes annotated drawings of the bones. [Possibly relating to here?)

Box 1 / C4        Typed copy letter from Herbert Eustace Maxwell (1845-1937)[see here] to Pitt-Rivers dated 6 September 1897 regarding the ruined chapel at the Isle of Whithorn].

Typed copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to the Secretary, Office of Works, undated, forwarding the letter and saying that he presumes the sanction of the Office of Works will be required before Maxwell can use funds to improve the chapel.

Letter dated 6 September 1897 from Herbert Maxwell to Pitt-Rivers asking for his counsel regarding the renovation of the chapel, see here [it is duplicated by the first copy letter above][See also Box 1 / G1 for further correspondence about this site, from Galloway, and Box 1 / M2 for other, earlier, correspondence with Maxwell]

Box 1 / C5        Letter from George Thomas Clark (1809-1898)[see here] to Pitt-Rivers dated 16 January 1888 regarding a site at Downton, Wiltshire, Pitt-Rivers had apparently when he led an Archaeological Institute visit the last summer that the writer had conjectured that it was 'Pre-Saxon, late Belgic'. Clark avers that he did not mean to imply this.

Letter from George Thomas Clark to Pitt-Rivers dated 28 January 1888 continuing the discussion about dating of monuments (NB neither of these letters appears to be related to specific sites per se but rather part of a continuing intellectual debate about dating, the letters therefore could be considered to be more general than relating specifically to ancient monument.]

Box 1 / C6        Letter from Wilfred Joseph Cripps (1841-1903) [see here)] to Pitt-Rivers dated 30 September 1888. They had met at a railway station when Pitt-Rivers had arrived to see the site at Chedworth, see here, Cripps hoped that if Pitt-Rivers visited again he would be able to host his visit.

Box 1 / C7        Ink map on thin brown tracing paper of Clovelly Downs hillfort, marked 'Devonshire' see here. [See also Box 1 / D11]

Box 1 / C8        Letter from Edward Grant of Litchborough, Weedon, to Pitt-Rivers dated 9 June 1884, acknowledging receipt of Pitt-Rivers' letter of 31 May 1884 [missing] regarding Castle Dykes. [Possibly Farthingstone Castle Dykes, seehere]

Box 1 / C9        Folded sheet marked 'Plan and Particulars Stone Circle Swinside, near Broughton, Cumberland' containing a written account of the site. Pinned to it is a plan of the site on tracing paper. See here.

Box 1 / C10      Printed pamphlet entitled 'Hall of Waltheof' and stamped 'Agents Pawson & Brailsford, Sheffield'. [Carlswork][see here]

Box 1 / C11      Newspaper clipping from The Chester Chronicle 8 April 1891 regarding 'The recent discoveries in the North City Wall' marked 'With Mr F. Haverfield's compliments'. (See here volume 23 for his obituary)

Box 1 / C12      Letter from Rafe Leycester of Ravenglass to Pitt-Rivers dated 9 October 1888 regarding an 'Early British Settlement' [Barnscar] excavation to be carried out, seeking advice [although the letter refers to an enclosed diagram one is not enclosed]. See here.

Letter from Leycester to Pitt-Rivers dated 15 October 1888 thanking Pitt-Rivers for his reply [missing?] and promising to inform Pitt-Rivers of the outcome of the excavations

Letter from Leycester to Pitt-Rivers dated 25 October 1888 reporting finds when Lord Muncaster opened 2 of the barrows, also includes a second sheet continuing the description and a separate page with a drawing of a pottery vessel. See here.

Envelop marked 'Mr Ralph [sic] Leycesters letters on digging on Lord Muncaster's property at Walls, Ravenglass, Carnforth' and 'Lord Muncaster's Property'.

Box 1 / C13      Newspaper clipping headed 'Destruction of Prehistoric Monuments in Cornwall' a letter from Sabine Baring-Gould, marked 'From Times Friday July 10, 1891'.

Folded page headed 'Anc Mons Cornwall' and 'Bodmin Moor Stone Circles These are notes in [illegible] (anc mons) only. No particulars given.' [NB that is all that is written on the paper] See here).

Letter dated 3 October 1888 from ? Cunningham, of Devoran, Cornwall, to Pitt-Rivers regarding Grants Castle Isles of Scilly [This site cannot be identified].

Letter dated 17 October 1888 from ? Cunningham, of Devoran, Cornwall, to Pitt-Rivers regarding Zennor Quoit. See here .

Envelop marked 'Anc: Mons. Cornwall'.

Box 1 / D1        Letter from Cecil Duncombe (1832-1902) [see here], dated 5 April 1891 to Pitt-Rivers writing to suggest a visit to a lake dwelling in North Yorkshire.

Letter dated 8 April 1891 from Cuthbert Edgar Peek, Secretary of the Anthropological Institute, to Pitt-Rivers enclosing the letter [above] and saying that he hopes that the site will form part of a future paper to the Institute.

Copy letter dated 24 April 1891, from Pitt-Rivers to Duncombe acknowledging the forwarded letter from Peek, and agreeing to examine the site if Duncombe sends details when he visited Lincoln.

Letter [3 sheets] from Duncombe, dated 28 April 1891 to Pitt-Rivers giving details of the site and welcoming a visit to it by Pitt-Rivers. [Duncombe]

Box 1 / D2        Letter from Arthur Douglas [no address] to Pitt-Rivers dated 29 September 1897 reporting defacement to Kits Coty House. See here [Burt [?]

Box 1 / D3        [Presumably copy] Letter from Thomas Newenham Deane * (1828-1899), see here, to John Lubbock dated 4 May [with added '1892'] giving news of two raths near Tralee which he had found while investigating sites, he asks Lubbock to ask Pitt-Rivers to tell him the best way of excavating the second rath [Deane][Cannot identify sites]

* NB he may have met Pitt-Rivers as his son was the architect for the Pitt Rivers Museum extension to the OUMNH.

Box 1 / D4        Letter dated 2 May 1894 from T.N. Deane [see D3] to Pitt-Rivers [who had replied but whose reply is missing?] reporting further on the raths.

Printed pamphlet entitled 'A report on Ancient Monuments in Co. Kerry' by Sir Thomas Newenham Deane … Dublin 1893.

Box 1 / D5        Letter dated 9 October 1892 from Walter John Fletcher (1842 or 1844-1913)[Appears to be FRIBA, architect of organ loft for Wimborne Minister] to Pitt-Rivers concerning Dudsbury Camp, Longham [see here] informs Pitt-Rivers that the hillfort is to be spoilt by the erection of a 'Villa' in the centre of the camp. [Dudsbury Camp]

Box 1 / D6        Letter from W. Whitaker to Pitt-Rivers dated 26 July 1891 reporting on a site discovery he had made which was not previously recorded. [Site cannot be identified] [Dunbridge Camp][Whitaker] [Find other letters between these men athere]

Box 1 / D7        Letter from William Cumming Joass (1833-1919), see here, to Pitt-Rivers dated 19 December 1887 regarding Pitt-Rivers' letter about a monumental slab in the churchyard at Dingwall, Joass offers to make rubbing next time the weather permits.

Box 1 / D8        Letter from W.H. St John Hope [see letter Box 1 / C2 above] to Pitt-Rivers dated 26 June 1888 asking for information about Dorchester Dykes for the Society of Antiquaries in London. See here [Dorchester Dykes]

Letter dated 15 June 1888 from Hugh Thackeray Turner (1853-1937), see here, of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings [SPAB] to Hope reporting that a member had informed them that in the last year a part of the Dykes had been removed with the hope that the Society of Antiquaries could take action.

Envelop marked 'Dorchester Dykes [added in red] Oxfordshire'

Box 1 / D9        Letter from Morton G. Stuart of the Dorset [Natural History and Antiquarian] Field Club to Pitt-Rivers dated January 5 [unknown year] regarding a publication about ancient monuments in Dorset [Anc Mons]

Box 1 / D10      Letter from Arthur Edmund Denis Dillon-Lee, (1812-1892)[16th Viscount Dillon] to Pitt-Rivers dated 31 May 1883 thanking him for sending a copy of the Act but denying that the 'Stones at Enstone' were under any threat. 'I have made arrangements about the place which I think will prevent any interference with it while the property remains in the hands of our family' See here [Dillon was a relative of Pitt-Rivers, he often stayed with the Dillon family at Ditchley Park]

 
Box 1 / D11      Folded paper headed 'Anc. Mons. Devon.' 'Clovelly Dykes near Hartland Point N. Devon Named by Royal Arch. Inst. See ordinance 25'. Reached from Bideford by coach. Murrays Guide Book page 191 / Tarr Steps over the River Barle, Exmoor a series of rude stones crossing the River Barle 5 miles N.W. of Dulverton Named by Somerset Arch: Society Cruchley's Map no. 10, N.W. corner Murray's Guide Book page 198.'

Envelop marked 'Anc: Mons Devon'. See here. [See also C8]

Box 1 / D12      Letter from Hugh Thackeray Turner [see Box 1 / D8 above] writing on behalf of SPAB committee to Pitt-Rivers dated 9 March 1889 about Derry Walls. He encloses copy of letter they had received hoping that Pitt-Rivers will be able to provide information.

Letter from J.A. Alexander to Turner dated 1 March 1889 suggesting that the Derry Walls come under the protection of SPAB. [1688 Derry Walls]

Envelop marked Anc. Mons. Walls of Derry. (See here).

Box 1 / D13      Piece of paper marked 'Danes Camp – Baker to Inspector'

Letter from R.[illegible] Baker to Pitt-Rivers dated 12 October 1883 regarding Pitt-Rivers' visit to Danes Camp, Northampton and the current changes of ownership of the site.

Letter from Baker to Pitt-Rivers dated 27 November 1883 asking for more information about querns and seeking a reply to his first letter. [Cannot identify site]

Box 1 / D14      2 newspaper clippings. The first is from Bath Chronicle 7 September 1889 and is a letter from Charles William Dymond, (1832-1915), physician and antiquary (though other sources describe him as a civil engineer, [see here] the second is about Hampton Down Camp, from Bath Chronicle, 24 January 1889, 'with the author's compliments', letter written by C.W. Dymond, clipping is annotated by Dymond who was obviously Pitt-Rivers' source. See here.

Box 1 / E1        Letter from William [?] Ellice to Pitt-Rivers dated 23 October 1884 about the Ancient Monuments Act [there does appear to have been a William Ellice who was MP of Invergarry who might be the right person but I am not sure that William is the right first name?]

Box 1 / E2        Letter from John Evans to Pitt-Rivers dated 10 April 1891, asks what practical problems Pitt-Rivers would envisage if the Ancient Monuments Act was extended to cover medieval buildings. [Evans]

Box 1 / E3        Letter from John Evans to Pitt-Rivers dated 16 September 1888 forwarding a [missing] letter from Poole of the British Museum [probably Reginald Stuart Poole (1832-1895) Keeper, see here] about whether an unspecified monument would be covered by the Ancient Monuments Act. [Anc Mons]

Box 1 / E4        Letter from X [signature illegible, just possibly but not very likely Edward Ford, someone of that name wrote a history of Enfield] to Pitt-Rivers dated 30 March [no year]. Gives information about site. See Camlet Moat at here [Moats at Enfield]

Another letter undated from same writer to Pitt-Rivers. Asking to be allowed to purchase a copy of the Anecdotes of Cranborne Chase [Moats at Enfield]

Box 1 / F1        Letter dated 21 September 1891 from Reginald G. Power? to Pitt-Rivers reporting poor care of Furness Abbey. See here.

Copy reply from Pitt-Rivers dated 23 September 1891 saying that medieval remains did not fall under the Ancient Monuments Act and suggesting he contact his local Archaeological Society regarding the damage.

Box 1 / F2        Letter dated 18 December 1885 from Thomas Rupert Jones (1819-1911)[see here] to Pitt-Rivers regarding some notes on Fife megaliths [the notes and sketch of a Pictish fort he refers to in the letter do not seem to have survived][C…rer [word illegible]]

Letter dated 31 December 1885 from Jones to Pitt-Rivers about 'Kennoway dirt'.

Box 1 / F3        Letter dated 23 July 1886 from W.H.StJ. Hope [see Box 1 / C2 above] enclosing a letter from Mrs Bevan [letter below] who was anxious that an earthwork near Fosbury be investigated by Pitt-Rivers. [Fosbury][Ancient Mons]

Letter from Mrs E. Bevan of Fosbury Manor, Hungerford asking Hope to ask Pitt-Rivers to visit the camp near Fosbury. See here.

Box 1 / F4        Letter from JT [?] Foster of the Folklore Society dated 6 October 1887 to Pitt-Rivers asking where he could obtain a complete list of the 'Historical Monuments of Great Britain.'

Box 1 / G1       Letter from William Galloway (1840-1927)[see here] to Pitt-Rivers dated 11 April 1892 asking for Pitt-Rivers advice about Whithorn (Wigtownshire) [possibly the Priory Latinus stone? Seehere] and Kirkmadrine [here] on behalf of the owners (Stewart). He says he might come and visit Pitt-Rivers at Salisbury [Rushmore].

Letter from Galloway to Pitt-Rivers dated 6 May 1892 confirming he was now in London and making arrangements for his visit to Pitt-Rivers.

Letter dated 11 May 1892 from Galloway to Pitt-Rivers asking for any letters for him redirected to Rushmore to be redirected again. Galloway had been following Pitt-Rivers' practical advice regarding tenting etc. [Galloway]

Letter dated 29 June 1892 from Galloway to Pitt-Rivers regarding Kirkmadrine.

Letter dated 26 August 1892 from Galloway to Pitt-Rivers expressing regret that Pitt-Rivers had not felt able to intervene directly at Kirkmadrine. Note from Pitt-Rivers that the drawings returned 17 September 1892.

Letter dated 19 September 1892 from Galloway to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for 2 drawings of Kirkmadrine he had returned. He confirms that they have located some of the stones in the 'alcove' where their full length could be seen. Galloway explains the methodology he has been moving to take facsimiles of their faces and their storage. [See also Box 1 / C4 for further correspondence about this site].

Box 1 / G2       Letter from Sabine Baring-Gould (1834-1924)(See here) to Pitt-Rivers dated 30 November 1895 asking a favour on behalf of Salomon Reinach and P. Bertrand of the Musée des Antiquités Nationales at Saint Germain, Baring-Gould is looking at cromlechs and standing stone sites in France. [Baring-Gould]

Box 1 / G3       Letter from [Illegible signature] of Asylum House, Inverness, to Pitt-Rivers dated 7 October 1885 reporting that he had not yet been able to get information from 'Mr Benley' [?], and reporting on progress in other matters. [Anc: Mons]

Letter from same author to Pitt-Rivers dated 21 October 1885 reporting that he had seen Mr Bruce Baillie (1859-1931)[see here] and discussed Glenelg (see here)

Box 1 / G4       Letter from ? Grant [first name illegible] to Pitt-Rivers dated 9 September 1884 headed Glenelg [see G3 above]. Pitt-Rivers had left the hotel after Grant had seen him without leaving copy of the Act with reference to the monuments in the 'Little Glen', Grant says he will get Mr Baillie's sanction [presumably Bruce Baillie, see Box 1 / G3].

Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to Grant dated 11 September 1884 enclosing a [missing] copy of the Act and explaining that the monuments in question were referred to in the Schedule for Scotland as 'the Pictish Towers at Glenelg' [presumably Dun Telve and Dun Troddan, seehere and here). Pitt-Rivers also explains that all he requires is that stones be placed round each monument to define the area placed under the protection of the Commissioners of Work.

Letter from Grant [see Box 1 / G4 above] to Pitt-Rivers dated 15 September 1884 giving Mr Baillie's agreement to the monuments being taken under the Act.

Box 1 / G5       Letter dated 11 January 1883 from R.P. Gowland enclosing the following letter which had been left for Pitt-Rivers

Undated letter from J. Graves [see Box 1 / G6 below] to Pitt-Rivers asking what happens about ancient monuments in Ireland especially the Aran Islands.

Letter from James Graves (1815-1886) see here [see Box 1 / G5 above and G7] to Pitt-Rivers dated 17 November 1883. Graves confirms that he thought that the Ancient monuments procedures were the same in England and Ireland but he feared that T.N. Deane [see Box 1 / D3 above] who was Ireland's inspector would not necessarily be successful in his role. Graves reported the situation with regard to ecclesiastical remains.

Letter dated 22 July 1884 from James Graves [see above] to Pitt-Rivers. He asked Pitt-Rivers on behalf of the Committee of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland to represent them at the British Association meeting in Canada (this implies that Pitt-Rivers was a member, see here where this society is not listed (so was not known) but his membership of the Kilkenny and South East Ireland Archaeological Society is; this may have been where he met Graves). [Pitt-Rivers must have refused as he did not attend that meeting] Graves also questions the need for consent by the landowners to the listing under the Ancient Monuments Act. Graves reports that the Schedule of ancient monuments in Ireland was scanty.

Box 1 / G6       Letter from William Greenwell (1820-1918) see here, to Pitt-Rivers (addressed to 'My dear Fox', which was technically incorrect at the time of writing when Pitt-Rivers had already changed his surname, the author knew Pitt-Rivers prior to 1880 and was accustomed to address him by his former surname) dated [no month, no day] 1883. Greenwell offers to make a list of monuments as or more important than those included in the schedule. See here and here. See also here for other correspondence between Greenwell and Pitt-Rivers.

Box 1 / H1        Letter from John Hopkinson (1844-1919) [see here] to Pitt-Rivers dated 7 November 1887. He thanks Pitt-Rivers for the copy of Excavations in Cranborne Chase that he has been sent, and gives information about 'ancient remains' in St Albans, and sent Pitt-Rivers pamphlets regarding excavations in Hertfordshire and sketches of sites [both missing]. Hopkinson would like the Hertfordshire Natural History Society to prepare a list of their ancient monuments as they 'included pre-historic archaeology in their investigations'.

Box 1 / H2        Letter from John Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers, which is undated, enclosing the letter below. [Hadleigh Castle]

Card from Frederic Johnson to Pitt-Rivers dated 24 March 1895 expressing concern at the damage the Salvation Army 'people here' would do to Hadleigh Castle in their excavations for stones to repair 'the Colony roads'. (William Booth bought Hadleigh Farm in 1890 to train London men as farmers seehereFor the site seehere). [Hadleigh Castle]

Box 1 / H3        Letter dated 15 May 1886 from Thomas W. Shore (1840-1905) see here and here, Secretary of the Hampshire Field Club, to Pitt-Rivers. He asks for information about any additions relating to Hampshire to the Ancient Monuments Act of 1882. Shore is anxious to preserve Hampshire earthworks.

Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to unnamed recipient dated 16 May 1886. It appears to be a reply to letter above that is addressed to Shore of the Hampshire Field Club. It explores the role that local societies could play in the preservation of ancient monuments and discusses English and English political responses to the care of the relics of the past.

Letter dated 17 May 1886 from Shore to Pitt-Rivers. Shore wishes to read Pitt-Rivers' letter to the Field Club [presumably above] but asks Pitt-Rivers' permission so to do as there is a reporter from the Hampshire Independent present at every meeting. He hopes that the Club can get some of the Hampshire prehistoric monuments scheduled.

Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to Shore dated 25 May 1886. He asks for a list of any new monuments for scheduling to be sent to him by the Field Club, if they provide a list he will present it to Commissioners of Work. It would 'greatly facilitate matters' if the Club obtained the landowners permission 'to having them [the monuments] placed under the guardianship of the Comm. of Works' before they sent the list.

Letter from Shore to Pitt-Rivers dated 26 May 1886 reporting that he had written to the Duke of Wellington about Silchester and that he had not made Pitt-Rivers' letter public.

Printed report of the meeting of the Hampshire Field Club to Silchester and Basing on 20 May 1886.

Copy of the printed rules of the Hampshire Field Club approved in 1885.

Printed details of the Hampshire Field Club's officers and members.

Box 1 / I1         Letter dated 28 November 1891 from [illegible possibly Banluccio Cabboli] from the Italian Embassy asking for information to help the Italian government put forward a bill to protect Italian monuments.

Typed copy letter dated 30 November 1891 from Pitt-Rivers in reply saying that the 1882 English Ancient Monuments Act was still in force and explaining in short form the Act's contents. Pitt-Rivers, in summary, suggests that the fact that little damage had been recorded to English monuments over the last 8 years could better to laid at the door of growing public support for preservation rather than the Act, which was 'not considered a very valuable one'.

Letter dated 8 December 1891 to Pitt-Rivers from the Italian Embassy thanking him for his letter of 30 November.

Box 1 / I2         Letter dated 30 September 1891 from John Thomas Micklethwaite (1843-1906), see here, to Pitt-Rivers replying to a [missing] letter from Pitt-Rivers asking by whom the ring and cup marked stones at Ilkley had been broken up. Micklethwaite reports that the damage was done by the Ilkley Local Board in order to place the carved fragments in one of the rockeries 'with which the Board has been disfiguring the neighbourhood'. He reports the condition of the stones at the time. [Presumably this might refer to the followinghere][Ilkley]

Box 1 / J1        Letter dated 1 June 1894 regarding 'Druidical Remains, Jersey' from Thackeray Turner [see Box 1 / D8] forwarding a newspaper cutting to Pitt-Rivers

The newspaper cutting, forwarded to Pitt-Rivers above, Jersey Weekly Press 26 May 1894 headed 'The Corbiere Caves'

Box 1 / K1        Letter dated 15 December 1883 from John Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for the copy of his paper on the development of Locks and Keys and saying that he had visited Beacon Hill. Lubbock writes 'I was very sorry to hear of your catastrophy [sic]'. [It is not known what this catastrophe might have been]. [It is unclear why this letter should have been filed under the letter 'K' unless it is that it relates to Kent.]

Box 1 / K2        Letter dated 5 July 1892 from William Edwardes, Lord Kensington (1835-1896) regarding his sale of the Farm on which 'Pentre Evan' stands, now known as Pentre Ifan, Pembrokeshire, see here.

Box 1 / K3        Letter dated 9 September 1885 from [illegible, possibly Cussiter? from Kirkwall] to Pitt-Rivers, reporting that there had been damage to a monument a week after Pitt-Rivers left Kirkwall and enclosing a [unnamed] newspaper cutting dated 7 September 1885 regarding St Magnus Cathedral's north transcept chapel floor. See here.

Box 1 / K4        Letter from Thackeray Turner [see Box 1 / D8] to 'Major General' Pitt-Rivers [undated, but rank might date it] asking on behalf of the SPAB committee that Pitt-Rivers help Major J.B. Keith [see here] who had been engaged in preserving Indian monuments and wanted information about other European countries measures to preserve monuments.

 Box 1 / L1       Letter from John Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers dated 30 May [no year, but possibly 1882 during the negotiations about the Act and the Inspectorship] returning Stanley's letter [presumably one of Pitt-Rivers Stanley relatives] regarding the Act.

Letter from John Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers dated 14 November 1882 writing how glad he was that Pitt-Rivers had accepted the post of Inspector of Ancient Monuments 'and hope now that our great National Monuments will suffer nothing more than the natural and inevitable action of time'.

Letter from John Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers dated 19 November 1882 sending a copy of the Ancient Monuments Act as requested and asking Pitt-Rivers to return it once he had obtained as many copies as he wanted from 'the Office'. He did not know whether the Inspector [of Ancient Monuments] could be exempted from serving on juries or as Sheriff.

Box 1 / L2        [presumably copy] Letter from Pitt-Rivers to John Lubbock dated 9 August 1888 regarding difficulties in getting support to action the Ancient Monuments Act and complaining of his troubles and suggesting that he might resign.

Letter from Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers dated 9 August 1888 expressing sorrow that Pitt-Rivers intended resigning and agreeing to meet with him to discuss what amendments were required to the Bill.

Letter from Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers dated 9 April 1889 returning an enclosed letter [missing] and referring to other correspondence and a letter (not all of which Lubbock agreed with) from Pitt-Rivers [not identified][Lubbock]

Letter from Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers dated 11 April 1889 discussing strategy regarding the long term care of ancient monuments [Lubbock]

Letter from Lubbock to Pitt-Rivers dated 17 March [no year] sending a copy of a draft Bill to Pitt-Rivers writing that the Government have doubts about it but reporting that the Bill would mainly affect Ireland and that the 'Irish authorities' supported it. [Letter written in or post 1891 as reference in the drafts below to that date]

Printed 'Draft of a Bill to extend the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882'

Second copy of the printed 'Draft of a Bill to extend the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882'

Envelop addressed to Pitt-Rivers at Grosvenor Gardens in Lubbock's hand marked 'Bill / Extension of Anc Mons. Act'

Box 1 / L3        Letter from John C.T. Murray to Pitt-Rivers dated 3 June 1889 about Lindisfarne. [Murray] [this might presumably have been filed under M originally, rather than L]

Box 1 / L4        Letter from John Daniel Leader [see here and here] to Pitt-Rivers dated 15 September 1887 regarding Office of Works work at the stone circles on Eyam moors. [Leader]

Letter from John Daniel Leader to Pitt-Rivers dated 27 June 1888 regarding the stone circles on Eyam moors [Leader]

Box 1 / L5        Letter dated [illegible] January [or possibly June] 1882 from George Shaw-Lefevre (1831-1928) see here, to Pitt-Rivers arranging a meeting.

[presumably copy] Letter dated 4 December 1882 from Pitt-Rivers to Shaw-Lefevre arranging another meeting. Lefevre was then the Commissioner of Works from 1881-1885. [Shaw-Lefevre]

Letter dated 5 December 1882 from Shaw-Lefevre to Pitt-Rivers suggesting a meeting that day (because the post in those days allowed for letters to be sent, received and actioned in the same day!) but apologizing that he was absent from London after that. He suggests that he drafts the memorandum on ancient monuments before they have their interview and it is therefore postponed.

[presumably copy] Undated letter from Pitt-Rivers to Shaw-Lefevre making suggestions (possibly for the memorandum?)

Letter dated 30 November 1883 from Shaw-Lefevre to Pitt-Rivers regretting that it has taken him some time to action two questions submitted by Pitt-Rivers to his Department.

Letter dated 28 October 1892 from Shaw-Lefevre to Pitt-Rivers regarding a general report that Pitt-Rivers had been preparing which Lefevre welcomed. Lefevre was then back in post as First Commissioner of Works in 1892-1894.[Shaw-Lefevre]

Box 1 / L6        Letter dated 24 December 1885 from Alexander Laing (1808-1892) see here, to Pitt-Rivers regarding an [illegible] Scottish site

Box 1 / L7        Letter from Alfred Edward Lawson Lowe to Pitt-Rivers dated 31 December 1885 regarding a hill-fort on his estate in Shirenewton, Monmouthshire [possibly Sudbrook, which Lowe wrote an article about in Archaeologia Cambrensis (Jan 1886), see here]

Box 1 / M1       Letter from Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford (1837-1916) see here, to Pitt-Rivers dated 23 February 1883, a note saying he was trying to hurry the printers (no further details given). At this time Mitford was the secretary to the Office of Works. [Note, the two men were distantly related through Pitt-Rivers' wife]

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 9 March 1883 telling him that he had suggested a meeting between Pitt-Rivers, the Director of the survey [?], and himself to discuss a recommendation to the Government regarding staff etc.

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 13 March 1883 thanking him for copies of some publications

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 11 June 1883 asking if Pitt-Rivers had received letters from owners (presumably land-owners) regarding ancient monuments, and suggesting they should be registered

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 23 July 1883 confirming timing of a meeting with the Commissioner

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 24 August 1883 explaining where the process had got to and why there had been delays. Mitford explains that there are still some points he wants to clarify with Pitt-Rivers.

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 2 September 1883 thanking him for his invitation to visit Rushmore but refusing owing to his father's bad-health (Note: his father died that year)

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 3 December 1883 rearranging a meeting [on mourning paper so his father had obviously died]

Letter from Mitford to Pitt-Rivers dated 17 July 1884 agreeing with an unspecified proposal by Pitt-Rivers

Box 1 / M2       Letter from Herbert Eustace Maxwell to Pitt-Rivers dated 24 October 1888. [See Box 1 / C4 above for other correspondence between the 2 men] Maxwell agrees with Pitt-Rivers that the 'Peter's Stone' should go to the Priory Ruins with other relics as it had been confirmed that it no longer stands on its original site. See here. There is discussion of other matters.

Box 1 / M3       Letter from Ernest Bickersteth Savage to Pitt-Rivers dated 7 October 1886 reporting that the Tynwald Court had passed an Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, a copy of which he sent to Pitt-Rivers and asking for details of what had happened in England since the Act had been passed.

Printed copy of 'The Museum and Ancient Monuments Act, 1886.'

Letter from Savage to Pitt-Rivers dated 19 February 1891 sending Pitt-Rivers a copy of a poster they had had printed for distribution through the Isle of Man.

The enclosed printed poster headed 'The Manx Museum & Ancient Monuments Trust' showing many illustrations of archaeological artefacts and asking people who found similar objects to bring them to the museum. [Note: Savage was a donor to the Pitt-Rivers Museum, Oxford]

Box 1 / M4       Letter from Herbert Morris to Pitt-Rivers on Herbert Morris & Bastert paper dated 29 April 1891 reporting problems with the church tower in Lambeth Hill opposite their premises.

Copy of Herbert Morris & Bastert card.

Box 1 / M5       Postcard from John Sleigh to Pitt-Rivers [undated but postmarked ?4 September 1883] saying that he 'could not see his way' to having Minninglowe [see here] scheduled but he would write again when he had 'fully made up his mind'.

Letter dated 15 November 1887 from John Sleigh to Pitt-Rivers saying that he was still minded not to place the site under the schedule and that whilst it was in his possession he would take good care that the cromlechs were not disturbed. [Mining [?] Low]

Box 1 / M6       Letter from William Boyd Dawkins (1837-1929) see here, to Pitt-Rivers dated 30 October 1887, Dawkins had reported as Chairman of delegates at the British Association that a Board in Scotland had declined to accept the schedule of monuments prepared by Pitt-Rivers but he did not know which Board and asked Pitt-Rivers to confirm its name for the author of the following letter.

Letter from the Secretary of the British Association [illegible 'Mel…'] to Boyd Dawkins dated 27 October 1887 [this letter was forwarded on to Pitt-Rivers] seeking confirmation of the name of the Board that had rejected Pitt-Rivers' suggestions.

Box 1 / M7       Letter from (Mervyn Herbert) Nevil Story-Maskelyne (1823-1911) see here, to Pitt-Rivers dated March 31 [1883, the year is not given, but Pitt-Rivers has marked the letter as answered on 4 April 1883] Story-Maskelyne reports that he has not yet seen John Lubbock about a 'delicate' matter and will probably not see him for a few more days. He also reports that the 'Railroad' had been diverted to the north and into a cutting around the Cursus at Stonehenge [see here]. He had arranged that the [presumably railway] line would be sited clear of the Durrington walls [see here], where the walls met the river the railway would arch it and not interfere with it. At Vespasian's Camp the railway would not go nearer than 200 feet [see here]. [Like Pitt-Rivers, Story-Maskelyne was a Wiltshire landowner.]

Box 1 / M8       Letter from Henry Bruce Meux (1856-1900) see here, to Pitt-Rivers dated 27 May [no year] writing that he did not 'care to have the Devils Den' put under the protection of the Ancient Monuments Act [here].

Box 1 / M9       Letter from John Lubbock dated 13 October 1885 to Pitt-Rivers writing that he had been asked to forward the enclosures by Boyd Dawkins [see Box 1/ M6].

Printed Minute from Government House, Isle of Man dated 30 September 1885 being a letter from Boyd Dawkins to the Lieutenant-Governor dated 25 September 1885, about the antiquities on the Isle of Man.

Blue envelop marked 'Anc: Monuments Isle of Man / Boyd Dawkins' Report' and 'Manx.'

Box 1 / N1        Letter from John Wilson to Pitt-Rivers dated 26 September 1884 stating that he was instructed by the Duke of Richmond and Gordon (1845-1928) see here, to say that he did not wish to place the hill fort on the Hill of Noth [see here] under the protection of the Ancient Monuments Act. [Noth]

Box 1 / N2        Letter dated 15 February 1883 from Mark Newman to Pitt-Rivers writing that his room [?] was not ready.

Box 1 / N3        Letter from Alexander M. Gordon [presumably son of the Alexander Gordon who relocated the stone to the grounds of Newton House] to Pitt-Rivers dated 1 September 1884 regretting that the author had been absent when Pitt-Rivers had come to inspect the 'Sculptured Stone' [see here] but stating that he had no intention of placing the stone under the care of the Commissioners of Work. [Newton in the Garioch]

Box 1 / N4        Letter dated 30 April 1891 from George Neilson to Pitt-Rivers reporting details of the work and sites on the Bonnybridge and environs including the Antonine Wall and Rough Castle hillfort. [here]

Box 1 / O1       Letter from Samuel Pasfield Oliver (1838-1907) see here, to Pitt-Rivers dated 14 November 1882 asking to be considered for the post of Inspector's assistant if Pitt-Rivers was to appoint one and giving information about his experience.

Box 2 [Correspondence, continues from Box 1]

You will find transcriptions of the following letters from this box here [PDF] or here: Box 2 / P2, Box 2 / R1, Box 2 / R2, Box 2 / R4, Box 2 / S3, Box 2 / S5, Box 2 / S8, Box 2 / T1, Box 2 / T6, Box 2 / U1, Box 2 / W3, Box 2 / W5, Box 2 / W9, Box 2 / W10, Box 2 / W11, Box 2 / W12, Box 2 / W15, Box 2 /W16, Box 2 / W17, Box 2 / W19, Box 2 / Misc1, Box 2 / Misc 5, Box 2 / Misc 7.

Box 2 / P1        Letter from H.N. Potter, Office of Works, to Pitt-Rivers dated 25 November 1886 discussing procedural matters regarding the Ancient Monuments Act.

Box 2 / P2        Memorandum on blue paper regarding Pen Pits dated 28 August 1884 from W.T.J. [?] Office of Works reporting that the enclosed letter from Mr Sotheron had been received. [The letter from Sotheron appears to be missing, the memo is marked 'To be returned …' so perhaps the letter from Sotheron was]

Very rough draft of reply to the Secretary [Office of Works presumably] from Pitt-Rivers dated 5 November 1883

Less rough draft copy letter (with alterations) of same letter as above to the Secretary [Office of Works presumably] from Pitt-Rivers dated 6 November 1883. The letters states that Pitt-Rivers has been excavating at Pen Pits for 'the last fortnight'. His excavations had led him to believe that the Pen Pits did not need to be placed under the protection of the Ancient Monuments Act. Pitt-Rivers asked whether excavations of this sort were considered to be part of his duties as Inspector.

Handwritten copy letter dated 7 November 1883 of a memorandum of duties of the Inspector of Ancient Monuments from the Office of Works making it clear that they did think that excavation was part of the duties, and should be paid for from the public purse (as Pitt-Rivers' successor might be a poor man). See here; See also here.

Box 2 / P3        Letter from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers dated 29 September 1888 asking whether there was any hope of Payne working for the Inspectorate. [Payne had served with Pitt-Rivers on the joint committee to look at the Ethnographic Survey [between Anthropological Institute, Society of Antiquaries and the Folklore Society, seehere]

Box 2 / P4        Letter from William Henry St John Hope [see Box 1 C2] to Pitt-Rivers dated 25 November 1887 asking for more information about a barrow near Parliament Hill and whether it had been investigated. The initial enquiries from Alfred Goodwin dated 15 November 1887 are written [?copied] in the interior of the above folded letter. [Parliament Hill].

Letter from Hope dated 23 November 1887 asking for Pitt-Rivers to send Mr Ferguson's Report to the Society of Antiquaries by return of post, a note from Pitt-Rivers marks that the Report was sent to Mr Hope the same day. [See here]

Box 2 / R1        Letter dated 2 December 1887 from John Collingwood Bruce (1805-1892) see here, to Pitt-Rivers regarding the 'Roman Wall' or Hadrian's Wall coming under the protection of the Ancient Monuments Act. The author was consulting relevant people

Letter dated 13 September 1889 from Greenwell to Pitt-Rivers regarding the need to examine the Wall

Letter dated 15 September 1889 from Greenwell to Pitt-Rivers discussing the need for examination further

Letter dated 17 September 1889 from Greenwell to Pitt-Rivers regretting he has missed seeing Pitt-Rivers that day

Letter dated 25 September 1889 from Reverend Henry Hoyte Winwood (1831-1921), see here to Pitt-Rivers about the Roman Wall

Box 2 / R2        Letter dated 8 March 1890 from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers acknowledging a letter from Pitt-Rivers and reporting he had received permission to excavate at Richborough [here]

Letter dated 15 March 1890 from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers informing him that the owner was prepared to sell the land, and Payne thought Pitt-Rivers might be interested as he had expressed interest in purchasing it before.

Letter dated 20 March 1890 from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers, he was sad that Pitt-Rivers had been unwell, his own father had just died.

Letter dated 27 March 1890 from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers, further details about the proposed sale of land

Enclosed letter with above [27 March] dated 26 March 1890 from Mr Wilson, the farmer selling the land, to George Payne with further details of the proposed sale

Letter dated 3 April 1890 from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers asking for a final decision on Richborough

Letter dated 3 May 1890 from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers apologizing that the delays concerning Richborough were because he was awaiting information from others, but he and others felt the price asked was not unreasonable

Letter dated 2 July 1890 from George Payne to Pitt-Rivers, he had visited Trottiscliffe the day before to set in motion the protection of the prehistoric remains at Coldrum [see Box 1 / C1]

Box 2 / R3        Letter from Henry Rendall (possibly 1817-1897 see here) of Great Rollright Rectory, Chipping Norton, to Arthur Edmund Denis Dillon-Lee [see Box 1 / D2] or F.C. Dillon [see on] dated 8 December 1882. Dillon had asked Rendall for information about the condition of the Rollright stones, see here, Rendall had been unable to visit the stones recently because of inclement weather but his earlier visits had led him to fear that the condition of the stones was threatened by 'the plough'. Other damage had been caused by picnickers and visitors. Rendall suggests a notice be erected saying that the stones were protected by a special act of Parliament and threatening punishment of offenders.

Letter dated 3 March 1883 from Henry Barter of Shipton-under-Wychwood see here, to unnamed recipient, possibly Pitt-Rivers. 'Dillon' [either Viscount or FC Dillon presumably] had asked Barter to reply. The Rollright parish including the stones now belonged to Joseph Beade of Shipton Lodge.

Letter dated 18 March 1883 from F.C. Dillon [address The Vicarage, Enstone] to Pitt-Rivers about the ownership of the Rollright Stones, he reported that he had forwarded Pitt-Rivers enquiry to a 'neighbouring parson' [presumably Barter, see above].

Postcard postdated? No 3 88 addressed to Pitt-Rivers from F.C. Dillon saying that he was happy to make enquiries.

Box 2 / R4        Letter from Hardwicke Drummond Rawnsley (1851-1920) see here, to Pitt-Rivers [?unclearly dated, but says 'Answered 24 October 1893', and it is clear from Pitt-Rivers copy return that it must have been sent on 15 October 1893, see below] asking for clarification of the Inspectorate of Ancient Monuments as he believed that a Trust under the Companies Act should be established to acquire and hold lands to preserve sites both for natural beauty and for historic worth [Rawnsley was a co-founder in 1895 of the National Trust). Pitt-Rivers is asked for his opinion of the proposals.

Letter dated October 22 [undated for year but must be 1893, as again it says 'Answered' 24 October 1893] from Rawnsley to Pitt-Rivers, again repeating the undated letter above.

Copy handwritten letter from Pitt-Rivers to Rawnsley dated 24 October 1893 enclosing copy of the Ancient Monuments Act and confirming that it was 'quite out of [his] power' to give any Governmental response to Rawnsley's proposals. Pitt-Rivers believed that interested landowners were the best safeguards of historic sites (he believed most landowners were interested). He believed that the degree of damage to ancient monuments had now decreased. He was not able to comment on the need to safeguard areas of national beauty except to comment that in his opinion again this was better done by landowners themselves as no government would be able to incur such an outlay 'and it would probably be very badly administered'.

Two typed copies of the above draft copy letter which appear to be identical to the handwritten original. [As an aside: Pitt-Rivers by this point had several assistants at Rushmore—it is likely therefore that he roughly drafted his correspondence by hand and then asked one of his assistants (e.g. Harold St George Gray) to type them before being sent out. It is clear that carbon copies were also held for filing.]

Box 2 / S1        Hand-drawn map of 'Clun and its protecting fortresses scale ¼ inch to the mile'. See here.

Handwritten document (written very neatly for presentation purposes?) entitled 'The Site of the Neolithic Settlement of Clun' and marked 'Prepared to be read before the Shropshire Archaeological Society from the top of Rock Hill Clun'

Printed pamphlet entitled 'Neolithic Man and his remains in Shropshire' by Geo, Luff. Marked on top, 'From the Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society 1888' [Possibly George Frederick Luff, of Shrewsbury (1864-1926) see here]

Letter dated 4 April 1889 from George Luff to Pitt-Rivers sending him two copies of his paper (see above) and inviting Pitt-Rivers' interest in the antiquities in the neighbourhood of Clun. Luff hoped to prove that Neolithic peoples have continued to live in England for far longer than had been previously proposed.

Letter dated 17 April 1889 from Luff to Pitt-Rivers, he was delighted to hear that Pitt-Rivers intended visiting Clun.

Envelop marked 'Copy of paper by Mr Geo. Luff also tracing of map & letters Antiquities in Shropshire'.

Box 2 / S2        Envelop marked 'Stratford on Avon. Find of skeletons Tregarthen's letter'.

Letter from John Coulson Tregarthen (1854-1933) see here to Pitt-Rivers dated 16 June 1889 informing him of a 'remarkable discovery' of bones made in the farm of Mr J. Adkins of Milcote. Adkins and Tregarthen were keen to obtain help in investigating the bodies and sought Pitt-Rivers' help.

Letter dated 21 June 1889 from Tregarthen to Pitt-Rivers suggesting a postponement of Pitt-Rivers proposed 'hurried' visit until a time when he could spend longer on the site especially as Adkins was busy with haymaking, he suggests a visit in September when the farm was quieter.

Box 2 / S3        Letter dated 28 October 1886 from W.M. Stewart of Llanelly to 'Herbert' asking his opinion of finds he had made at Balgreggan near Stranraer (Scotland).

Box 2 / S4        Envelop marked 'Anc. Mons. Somerset'.

Handwritten list of Ancient Monuments in Somerset

Box 2 / S5        Letter from William Brown, Earlsmill, to Pitt-Rivers dated 2 September 1884 regarding Suenos Stone (see here), the writer was sorry to have missed Pitt-Rivers on his visit north, and would put his proposal (presumably to include the stone in the Ancient Monuments schedule) to the Earl of Moray. The Earl had put a 'substantial fence' round the stone and 'keeps it nicely'. [Suenos Stone]

Letter from William Brown, Earlsmill, to Pitt-Rivers dated 12 September 1884 reporting that he had submitted Pitt-Rivers letter to the Earl who had decided he preferred 'not to take advantage of the Act', however he would be happy to consider any suggestions Pitt-Rivers might wish to make as to the preservation of the Stone.

Handwritten list of Scottish sites with descriptions, including Sueno's Stone with 'Done' written beside it in red pencil. The sites include a partial account of a site near Blervie Castle [here], and full short descriptions of Wigton 'not done', Vigeans St. near Arbroath 'done', here, Clava here, 'Sueno's Stone' done'.

Box 2 / S6        Letter dated 29 May [no year] from William Owen Stanley (1802-1884) see here, to Pitt-Rivers writing that he did not feel there would be any advantage in putting 'the cromlechs' under the [Ancient Monuments] Act as they were 'well taken care of' as they were.

Letter dated 19 January 1887 from Henry Edward John Stanley (1827-1903) see here, stating that he wished to place the cromlechs situated in the farm of Trefigneth under the Ancient Monuments Act care [NB all these people are relatives by marriage of Pitt-Rivers, Henry EJ Stanley lived at no 11 Grosvenor Gardens, Pitt-Rivers lived at number 4 in London]

Box 2 / S7        Letter from [illegible] [presumably a lawyer] dated 20 June 1884 stating that he had advised Lord Stanley to place his ancient monuments under the Act.

Box 2 / S8        Letter from James Lardner Green to Pitt-Rivers dated 7 June 1898 regarding the 'great danger' to Stonehenge which called for immediate action and suggesting the Government should purchase the site.

Two typed copies of the reply from Pitt-Rivers to Lardner Green dated 8 June 1898 asking for authoritative information about the closeness of the railway lines to the monument, and the distance to the nearest station. He explained that the owner Sir Edward Antrobus would not listen to advice on the subject.

Box 2 / T1        Folded handwritten paper entitled (on outside) 'Memoranda on Thornborough Camps near Tanfield' written by Walter Morrison (possibly the Walter Morrison described here) dated 31 January 1878. See here or here.

Letter dated 11 October 1887 from Reginald Gatty [see Box 1 / B5] to Pitt-Rivers enclosing the above paper and suggesting that Pitt-Rivers visit the site on his next visit to Yorkshire. [Ancient Monuments]

Letter dated 5 September 1887 from William Greenwell to Pitt-Rivers regarding Thornborough (among other things).

Envelop marked 'Memoranda on Thornborough Camps near Tanfield with Mr Gatty's letter (of Bradfield Rectory) and Canon Greenwell's Owner:- G. Clarke Esq Tanfield House Ripon'.

Box 2 / T2        Letter from George Parker to Pitt-Rivers dated 13 April 1891 written on 'Blue Cross Abstainers Cycling Brigade' membership acceptance form and mentioning some antiquities he had spotted which he was happy to show 'the General'.

Newspaper clipping entitled 'Roman Remains in England' referring to a Roman villa in Lincoln and another letter from Athol Maudslay regarding [Twyford?] Roman villa [There is no provenance for the clipping, or date]

Another newspaper clipping entitled 'The Romans in Britain' about a Roman pavement ?at Twyford, again written by Athol Maudslay [There is no provenance for the clipping, or date]

A printed pamphlet entitled 'Cyclists Festival The Fifth Church Parade … July 25, 1891'

Printed pamphlet marked 'Twyford' by Hampshire Field Club regarding a field trip to Silchester with a supplementary notice about a Roman villa found at Twyford.

Box 2 / T3        Letter dated 17 October 1887 from John Beddoe, see here, to Pitt-Rivers enclosing a newspaper clipping about the Roman Villa at Tockington Park, see here and suggesting Pitt-Rivers visit the site.

Newspaper clipping of 1887 [unknown date or paper] about a Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society excursion to Tytherington.

Envelop marked 'Tockington Park Roman Villa (Sir John Maclean) near Tytherington Station Gloucestershire Letter from Dr Beddoe'.

Box 2 / T4        Letter from Michael Waistell Taylor (1824-1892) see here, to Pitt-Rivers dated June 30 [no year] enclosing reprints of papers in the last number of the Cumberland Archaeological Transactions. He refers to the Mayburgh Monument which was being exchanged in a land exchange between two named landowners. See here.

Box 2 / T5        Letter dated 26 July 1887 from Granville Leveson Gower, possibly (1815-1891) here or Granville William Gresham Leveson-Gower, (1838–1895) see here to Pitt-Rivers, regarding Thunderfield Castle, sending him an extract from the minutes of the Surrey Archaeological Society vol. VII p. 7 and a sketch from the Ordinance Survey which he asked to be returned. See here.

Handwritten copy of extract from Surrey Archaeological Society [as detailed above]

Box 2 / T6        Envelop marked 'Anc. Mons. Titterstone Clee Hill Shropshire (near Ludlow) Letters from Mrs Baldwin Childe, Sir Chas: Boughton, Rev Mr Joyce.' See here.

Letter dated 23 April 1888 from Frederick Wayland Joyce to Pitt-Rivers referring to the ancient monument at the top of Clee Hill, under threat from one of the quarrying companies who worked nearby.

Letter dated 28 April 1888 from Joyce to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for his reply [not surviving] and telling him he was writing to a person with influence on the Lord of the Manor.

Letter dated 3 May [unspecified year, probably 1888] from Frances Christina Baldwyn Childe suggesting that 'they' host a visit to the Titterstone site and reporting that she had written to the owner Sir Charles Boughton.

Letter dated 8 May 1888 from Charles Boughton to Frances Childe. He did not feel that the stone companies were causing much damage '… I do not think there has been or will be more done to make even an antiquarian uncomfortable.' Boughton did not feel he could interfere with the companies' work.

Letter dated 11 May [unspecified year, probably 1888] from Childe to Pitt-Rivers forwarding the letter she had received from Sir Charles Boughton [see above] and suggesting that it would be a good idea for Pitt-Rivers to visit the site.

Letter dated 20 September 1888 to Frances Childe from Joyce reporting that there had been a visit to Titterstone two days before and reporting damage to the building.

Letter dated 21 September [unspecified year, probably 1888] to Pitt-Rivers from Childe enclosing a letter and again suggesting Pitt-Rivers visit the site.

Copy letter sent on 30 September [unspecified year, probably 1888] from Pitt-Rivers to Childe. Evidently the weather had been very bad on the occasion of his visit to the site 'Certainly a dense fog with rain in which one could not see twenty yards was not a condition of atmosphere that one would have selected for examining a camp …' Pitt-Rivers felt he had seen enough to be sure it was a 'British Camp of the usual type'. Pitt-Rivers felt that the stone companies were carrying out serious damage to the site at the present time. Pitt-Rivers felt the site should be fenced off to protect what remained.

Letter dated 2 October 1888 from Childe to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for his exhaustive and interesting account of the Titterstone [presumably the letter dated 2 September from Pitt-Rivers] and she would forward it on to Sir Charles Boughton and let Pitt-Rivers know what he said.

Letter dated 2 October 1888 from Joyce to Pitt-Rivers enclosing a sketch which he believed to be not as good as hoped [the rough sketch is enclosed as is a letter dated 1 October 1888 from C. Renacre sending the sketch [presumably he was the artist]

Letter dated March 7 [unspecified but 1890] from Childe to Pitt-Rivers sending a letter received from the President of the Shropshire Archaeological Society [see below] and asking Pitt-Rivers to make a second visit when the weather is better with the Society.

Letter dated 5 March 1890 from [name illegible] [President of the Shropshire Archaeological Society] to Mr [sic] Childe thanking her for Pitt-Rivers letter and telling her that the Society agreed that they should take up the matter of the site.

Letter dated August 9 [unspecified year, probably 1890] from Childe to Pitt-Rivers suggesting that he visit the site sometime in August and promising to try and make the ascent easier than it had been 'the last time'. She encloses a cutting from a Shrewsbury paper [now missing]

Box 2 / U1        Letter from Thomas Hughes (1822-1896) see here [writing from the Athenaeum, which was also Pitt-Rivers' club] to Pitt-Rivers dated 18 January 1884 referring to the White Horse at Uffington which was no longer visible from the Railway as it had not been scoured. [Hughes had been born in Uffington.]

First page of incomplete letter dated 29 April 1883 from unnamed author to 'Warwick' confirming that the Earl of [illegible], Ashdown Park [see here] was the owner of Uffington Castle. See here.

Box 2 / W1       Letter dated June 4 [no year, possibly 1896, see on] from [illegible] to Pitt-Rivers wondering about Lord Lauderdale's reply [Burn Moor]

Letter dated 13 June 1896 from Lord (or Earl?) Launderdale delaying his response about the Ancient Monuments site [it appears to be on his estate at Lauder, seehere, though it is not clear which site is referred to]

Box 2 / W2       Letter from Dr Williamson to Pitt-Rivers dated 30 July 1894 enquiring whether 3 sites (Standing Stones of Stenness [see here], Maes howe tumulus on Orkney [see here] and Callanish stones (Lewis) [see here, NB the word looks more like Calleruish] were included in the schedule of Ancient Monuments. [Williamson]

Letter from Dr Williamson to Pitt-Rivers dated 1 August 1894 thanking Pitt-Rivers for his reply and as Pitt-Rivers suggested, agreed to write to the owners of the above sites about damage.

Box 2 / W3       Letter dated 12 April 1883 from Henry Hoyte Winwood (1831-1921), to Pitt-Rivers regarding arrangements for a visit to the White Horse at Uffington.

Letter dated 26 April 1883 from Winwood to Pitt-Rivers inviting him to stay with him on either of two days in the next week

Letter dated 29 April [?1883] from Winwood to Pitt-Rivers arranging to meet at Swindon station [for the visit to the Uffington White Horse presumably].

Undated letter [?1883] from Winwood to Pitt-Rivers explaining that he had returned to Bath earlier than expected and could accompany Pitt-Rivers on a visit to Stanton Drew at any time before the last fortnight in July. [See here]

Letter dated 10 July 1883 from Winwood to Pitt-Rivers making arrangements for a trip on 'Thursday' and promising to find out to whom 'it' belonged (the site they were visiting, possibly Stanton Drew).

Letter dated 16 July 1883 from Winwood to Pitt-Rivers confirming the name as Lord Hylton ' with 'y' not 'i'! He hopes Pitt-Rivers was not caught in 'that vicious thunderstorm … if so shall expect to find some of your remains there tomorrow as I go there with Cotteswold Club.'

Letter dated 18 April 1889 from Winwood to Pitt-Rivers congratulating him on some Samian ware finds but complaining about the find site of an iron knife.

Box 2 / W4       Letter dated 3 June 1887 from John M. Wood to Pitt-Rivers asking whether he knew where the author could obtain a measured drawing of Nelson's column

Box 2 / W5       Letter dated 17 April 1883 from William Samuel Symonds (1818-1887) see here, to Pitt-Rivers about Worlebury, enclosing 2 newspaper cuttings from unknown source and of unknown date. See here.

Letter dated 4 September 1883 from Henry George Tomkins (Secretary of the Somerset Archaeological Society)[see here] to Pitt-Rivers reporting that he was writing a memoir of Worlebury with Charles William Dymond (1832-1915) see here and inviting Pitt-Rivers to visit Weston-super-Mare to see the relics from the site. He had excavated the site with others (now deceased) in 1851-4.

Letter dated 4 September 1883 from Tomkins to Pitt-Rivers thanking Pitt-Rivers for the copy of the Ancient Monuments Act and making further arrangements for Pitt-Rivers' visit.

Printed pamphlet 'The Ancient Stronghold of Worlbury by Rev. H.G. Tomkins read before the Bath Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club'.

Letter dated 7 July 1884 from Tomkins to Pitt-Rivers reporting that he was writing to Cecil [Hugh] Smyth Pigott (1860-1893) who was the owner of Worlbury who was most interested in archaeology. He asked Pitt-Rivers to send Pigott a copy of the Ancient Monuments Act, he reported on several new sites found by acquaintances (one of them Sayce, see on).

Box 2 / W6       Photograph of Westbury white horse [photo now accessioned as 2014.96.1 seehere]. See here.

Printed pamphlet 'Historical Associations of the Westbury White Horse' [14th edition].

Envelop marked 'Westbury White Horse Photograph and description'.

Box 2 / W7       Letter dated August 1885 from William Hammond to Pitt-Rivers regarding the preservation of Queen Eleanors Cross, see here.

Second copy of the above letter, identical.

Printed sheet 'Fund for the preservation of Queen Eleanor's Cross at Waltham'.

Printed short pamphlet 'Proposed preservation of Queen Eleanor's Cross at Waltham'.

Box 2 / W8       Envelop marked 'Wansdyke letters' and 'Wansdyke letters Plenderleath Cunnington Sayce'.

Box 2 / W9       Letter dated 8 September 1888 from William Charles Plenderleath (1831-1906) see here, to Pitt-Rivers. He had sought lodgings for Pitt-Rivers two clerks [presumably during an Inspectorate tour]. Reference to Pitt-Rivers paper regarding the ideal arrangement of museums [Reference to Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1888. [c]. 'Address as President of the Anthropological Section of the British Association, Bath, September 6, 1888', Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1888), pp. 825-835. see here]

Letter dated 27 March 1889 from Plenderleath to Pitt-Rivers regarding a visit

Letter dated 12 April 1889 from Plenderleath to Pitt-Rivers inviting him to inspect Oldbury Camp [see here]

Box 2 / W10     Letter from Henry Duncan Skrine to Pitt-Rivers dated 21 September [no year] apologizing that he had not been able to get Pitt-Rivers views on the excavations of Hampton Camp and suggesting another date for a meeting.  [Skrine]

Page dated September 1888 in Pitt-Rivers' handwriting stating 'H.D. Skrine of Claverton Manor Bath' has a piece of Wans Dyke on his property at Hampton Down and in the valley of the Avon between Claverton Down & the opposite [illegibl][Skrine]

Box 2 / W11     Letter dated 16 September 1888 from Archibald Henry Sayce to Pitt-Rivers about the excavations Pitt-Rivers intended to make at Wans Dyke and making arrangements for a meeting. [Mr Sayce's letters Claverton]

Letter dated 19 September 1888 from Sayce to Pitt-Rivers regarding the meeting arrangements. [Sayce]

Letter dated 23 September 1888 from Sayce to Pitt-Rivers about the meeting and about Mr Skrine's excavations [Re Wansdyke Sayce]

Letter dated 11 October 1888 from Sayce to Pitt-Rivers saying that Skrine has begun trenching the site that Sayce and Pitt-Rivers visited, Sayce does not think Skrine would do anything with the Wansdyke.

Letter dated 14 October 1888 from Sayce to Pitt-Rivers expressing pleasure that Pitt-Rivers examination of the Wansdyke had confirmed the 'current statements about its course'.

Letter dated 26 April 1889 from Sayce to Pitt-Rivers congratulating him on having 'solved at last the mystery of the Wansdyke'.

Letter dated 8 May 1889 from Sayce to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for the photographs he had sent [presumably of Wansdyke, these photographs are not enclosed], Sayce wonders at the name of the Wansdyke and reports that he has not heard about Skrine's excavations.

Box 2 / W12     Letter dated 23 February 1889 from Henry Edmonstone Medlicott (1840 or 1841-1916) to Pitt-Rivers about the dating of Wansdyke [Medlicott]

Letter dated 22 March 1889 from Medlicott to Pitt-Rivers saying that he had seen the son of Mr Combes of Bishops Cannings Manor Farm on which Pitt-Rivers intended to excavate Wansdyke. He offered an empty cottage for assistants' accommodation but he thought Mr Plenderleath may have made other arrangements for them [see Box 2 / W9]  Medlicott discusses other transport and supplies that Pitt-Rivers would want on the excavation. He recommends the landlord at the Bear

Box 2 / W13     Letter dated 29 September 1888 from Alfred Edmund Hudd (1846-1920) see here, to Pitt-Rivers about a visit of the Clifton Antiquarian Club to Rushmore and references to Bokerly Dyke and Wansdyke [Hudd]

Box 2 / W14     Letter dated 4 May [or 5 April?] 1889 from Edward Meyrick (1854-1938) see here, to Pitt-Rivers asking for a short talk to the Marlborough College Natural History Society on his excavations at Wansdyke [Meyrick]

Box 2 / W15     Letter dated 28 August 1882 from Alfred Charles Smith (1822-1898) to Pitt-Rivers about the Wansdyke, and hoping that a reference in his book 'British and Roman Antiquities of North Wilts' had not misled him and hoping to visit the site [Smith]

Letter dated 4 April 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers asking Pitt-Rivers (who was staying at 'the Bear') to dine with them, Smith had hoped to visit the excavations at Wansdyke but ill-health had made it out of the question. [Smith]

Letter dated 5 April 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for telling him about the excavation's progress, Smith gives his opinion on the dating of the site. [Smith]

Letter dated 16 April 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers about the Wansdyke excavations. [Smith]

Letter dated 26 April 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for the plans and full account Pitt-Rivers had sent him. [Smith]

Letter dated 8 May 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers thanking him for the photograph, and saying that he would support the listing of Wansdyke as an Ancient Monument. [Smith]

Letter dated 18 May 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers reporting that he had visited the excavations which had seemed like 'visiting an old friend' as Smith had known so much about it beforehand thanks to Pitt-Rivers [Smith]

Letter dated 21 June 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers announcing that he was preparing his Report for the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, and that the most interesting news in it was about Pitt-Rivers' excavations at Wansdyke. He asks Pitt-Rivers to send him a short account to be included in the report [Smith]

Letter dated 9 August 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers, he had intended taking up Pitt-Rivers' offer to look through the sections of his report dealing with Wansdyke but unfortunately he had been too late in compiling it to send it for comment. He had therefore given the briefest description. After the report had been read the Society had voted its thanks to Pitt-Rivers for his work on the site. [Smith]

Letter dated 31 August 1889 from Smith to Pitt-Rivers, he was again ill but he hoped to see Pitt-Rivers on the downs when he came if he was able. At the last Committee meeting he had brought forward Pitt-Rivers suggestion that the society raise the need for landowners to place their monuments under the protection of the government. [Smith]

Box 2 / W16     Letter dated 26 April 1889 from Edwin Green to Pitt-Rivers about filling up the Wansdyke after Pitt-Rivers' excavation

Box 2 / W17     Letter dated 7 May 1889 from Pitt-Rivers to unnamed recipient thanking him for the loan of 2 iron objects from Wansdyke. [Copy re Wansdyke]

Enclosed in above letter two identical drawings of the objects with annotations.

Box 2 / W18     Letter dated 14 March 1889 from Richard Helland, Office of Works, to Pitt-Rivers confirming that Colonel Kingscote (1830-1908) see here, had no objections to Pitt-Rivers cutting a section through Wansdyke on the Crown farm held by Mr Combes to ascertain the age of the site providing that the ground removed for the excavation was replaced and re-turfed by the British Association on whose behalf the section was being made.

Copy letter on reverse from Pitt-Rivers [presumably to Helland] dated 16 March 1889 confirming that the section would not be made on behalf of the British Association 'as it was never formally submitted to that body' but was recommended by Pitt-Rivers as Inspector and would be carried out entirely at his expense, it would be a sequel to other excavations by him on other British Dykes

Letter dated 19 March 1889 from Helland to Pitt-Rivers noting the letter of 16 March but reiterating the need for the ground to be replaced and rectified. On reverse is written 'Wansdyke Official sanction to excavate March '89'.

Letter dated 15 April 1889 from Helland to Pitt-Rivers telling him that Mr Combes (the tenant farmer) had asked that the section cut be left open, being properly levelled and turfed and Colonel Kingscote had no objection to this course.

Box 2 / W19     Press cutting sent by Romeike and Curtice's Press Cutting Agency from the Devizes Advertiser August 1 1889 giving an account of a meeting of the Wiltshire Archaeological Society which records Pitt-Rivers' activities at Wansdyke.

Box 2 / Misc 1 Letter on British Archaeological Association headed paper dated May 31 1886 from E.P. Loftus Burk [I cannot confirm the identity of this person] to Pitt-Rivers. The writer believed that the antiquarian societies could help publicise the Ancient Monuments Act, he was to bring Pitt-Rivers' note before the next Council meeting (see below). Pitt-Rivers had asked for recommendations of sites suitable for scheduling and two were suggested 'The Roman Pavements at Bignor' [see here] and 'Richborough Castle' [see here].

Letter dated 22 June 1886 from Burk to Pitt-Rivers enclosing a copy of the circular that had been sent to the local members of council of the Association

Printed off-print of an account of a British Archaeological Association Council meeting on June 2 1886 when a communication from Pitt-Rivers was considered. It related to 'the advantages afforded by the Ancient Monuments Act for the permanent preservation of any ancient work that may be scheduled. The Council considered that the advantages are not generally known, … No surrender of ownership takes place, but the present proprietor pledges himself and his successors not to damage or destroy. By this wise provision, the Act ensures the preservation for all time; the repairs, if needed, being effected by the Government.' The Council agreed that the advantages of the Act should be publicised.

Letter dated 29 June 1886 from Burk to Pitt-Rivers drawing his attention to the 'particulars of Richmond', which was being sold.

Box 2 / Misc 2  Letter dated 15 June 1886 from Thomas W. Shore of the Hampshire Field Club acknowledging a letter from Pitt-Rivers dated 25 May [not enclosed, but presumably similar to the first letter in Box 2 / Misc 3, see on] and the Committee had recommended the Club prepare a list of ancient monuments In Hampshire

Printed record of the meeting of the Hampshire Field Club held on 15 July 1886 at Christchurch

Box 2 / Misc 3  Letter from Pitt-Rivers to W.H.St.J. Hope [one presumes] dated 27 May 1886 referring to clause 10 of the Ancient Monuments Bill of 1882 which made provision that any monument similar to those already scheduled would be deemed to be an ancient monument to which the act applied. He sought recommendations from the Society of Antiquaries of additional monuments

Reply from Hope to Pitt-Rivers dated 28 May 1886 saying that Pitt-Rivers letter would be put before the Society of Antiquaries council meeting on June 9.

Letter dated 24 June 1886 from Hope to Pitt-Rivers sending a proof of a circular for approval or alteration

Printed proof of letter from Hope on behalf of the Council to fellows of the Society forwarding copies of the letter from Pitt-Rivers [see first letter of Box 2 / Misc 3 above] and copies of the Ancient Monuments Act and asking them to forward copies to the Local Archaeological societies

Box 2 / Misc 4  Copy letter dated 27 May 1886 from Pitt-Rivers to the Honorary Secretary of the Royal Archaeological Institute [similar to the first letter of Box 2 / misc 3 above]

Letter dated 23 July 1886 from Hellier Gosselin to Pitt-Rivers reporting that Pitt-Rivers' letter had been read at the meeting of the Council on 14 July and saying that the Council had asked him to recommend The Carls' Wark Derbyshire [see here] and Clovelly Dykes, Devonshire [here] be added to the schedule

Copy letter dated 30 July 1886 from Pitt-Rivers to Gosselin asking for the names of the owners of the recommended site

Letter dated 5 August 1886 from Gosselin of the Royal Archaeological Institute to Pitt-Rivers saying that he had found out that the Carl's Work belonged to the Duke of Rutland.

Box 2 / Misc 5  Letter from Charles J. Turner of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society to Pitt-Rivers dated 14 June 1886 reporting action following another copy of the letter [not included] from Pitt-Rivers about clause 10 [see above]. The committee had agreed to forward Pitt-Rivers' letter to the local secretaries asking them to report any suitable sites.

Copy of the printed letter and introduction circulated to the local secretaries of the SANHS

Further copy of the SANHS circular with a letter inside from Edward F. Freeman dated 1 July 1886 suggesting Worlebury and several other sites.

Letter dated 16 August 1886 from Turner to Pitt-Rivers giving a list of the recommended sites by the society: Worlebury, Dolbury [see here], Maesbury [see here], Tarr Steps [see here], Wansdyke, stones in the parish of Beech, cromlech in Castle Combe parish with names of owners.

Box 2 / Misc 6  Letter from George W. Bloxam of the Anthropological Institute to Pitt-Rivers dated 1 June 1886 acknowledging receipt of the letter from Pitt-Rivers [usual, see other miscellaneous letters]

Letter dated 12 June 1886 from Bloxam to Pitt-Rivers asking for further copies of the schedule for members who were most likely to be helpful.

Box 2 / Misc 7  Letter from Frederic R. Surtees to Pitt-Rivers dated August 11 1886 inviting Pitt-Rivers to visit him at Boxley Abbey and also mentioning other sites at Melling. Enclosed is a newspaper cutting from an unknown and undated publication entitled 'Ancient Monuments' and including an introductory letter from Surtees and a copy of Pitt-Rivers' letter to the British Archaeological Association

Box 2 / Misc 8  Letter from Thomas Newenham Deane [see Box 1 / D3] to Pitt-Rivers dated 28 July 1889, he had seen the Society of Antiquaries circular and reporting that the Irish Academy council was not sitting at present but he would submit Pitt-Rivers letter to them when they met so that they could consider additional Irish sites to be scheduled. The writer reported that it was difficult to get landowners to schedule monuments in Ireland and wondered if Pitt-Rivers had any advice [Anc: Mons.]

Box 2 / Misc 9 Sheet of paper with Pitt-Rivers' handwriting: 'A.M. Act / Replies in circular letter from Inspector placing monuments under Act not included in original schedule 1. Brit. Arch. Assoc 2 Hampshire Field Club 3. Soc. Antiqu Lond. 4. Arch. Institute 5. Somersetshire Soc. 6. Anthrop. Institute 7. Surtees (Mr) Boxley Abbey 8. Deane (Mr) Dublin. Inspector for Ireland'.

Box 2 / Misc 10 Drawing on tracing paper, possibly of carvings on standing stone? [[NB sadly, this tracing is too large to be digitized meaningfully without specialist equipment the Museum does not possess AP]

Box 2 / Misc 11 Large pro-forma, handwritten in Pitt-Rivers' handwriting, Marked on outside 'Anc. Mons. Act On Alteration of Notice Board'. Handwritten heading, 'On Notice Boards B2570 89' [Subject] Ancient Monuments 1. Arthurs Round Table 2 Mayborough. [See here] It appears to be a copy of correspondence relating to Lord Brougham's consent being sought for the erection of a noticeboard between Pitt-Rivers and [illegible signature possibly H.W.P.] The correspondence appears to date from 1889.

Second version of pro-forma again handwritten in Pitt-Rivers' handwriting. Marked on outside 'Ancient Monuments / Inspector to Secretary / On Proposed Notice Boards having descriptions of each Monument added to notice of Penalties (See also under Castle Rigg) 2 May 82'.

Smaller sheet of writing paper in Pitt-Rivers' handwriting, marked on outside 'Ancient Mons: Proposed Notice Board / On descriptive notices of each Mon:' which appears to be an undated draft letter or copy letter to the Secretary from Pitt-Rivers [see Box 2 / Misc 12 below]

Third version of pro-forma again handwritten in Pitt-Rivers' handwriting. Marked on outside 'Ancient Monuments / Correspondence on Notices to be placarded / Proposed alteration in form of Notice May 4 '89.' There is another draft letter from Pitt-Rivers to the 'Secretary' dated 3 March 1883 [sic] about the wording on noticeboards. [NB sadly, not all of the contents of this folder can be digitized. The standard size of the longer paper used in these notes of Government correspondence is too large and the condition of the paper is too fragile to easily be digitized (though there are examples of some in this box that have been)]

Box 2 / Misc 12 Drawing of noticeboards entitled 'A 8270 / 83' 'Stone Circle on Castle Rigg near Keswick Drawing of Notice Board Scale 1 inch to 1 foot'. The drawing is signed at the bottom 'ABM H.M. Office of Work. / Leeds, 24th April'. See here.[NB sadly, this tracing is too large to be digitized meaningfully without specialist equipment the Museum does not possess AP]

Box 3
Introduction: Box 3 contains correspondence and documents relating to Pitt-Rivers as Inspector Ancient Monuments. These documents were originally donated in (acidic) cardboard folders. To preserve the letters they were removed from the folders but kept within their original series. The folders were kept however and can be seen by interested visiting researchers (as, obviously, can the documents), for the folders see Box 4.

You can find pdfs of transcriptions of the following letters from Box 3: Box 3/1/1, Box 3/1/2 both here; Box 3/2 and Box 3/3 here except for 3/4/3 and 3/4/4.

Box 3 / 1'Ancient Monuments Correspondence (Office of Works) that has not been answered'

Box 3/1/1     Stamped 'B6856 30 Oct 1896' and titled 'Public Buildings Estimates 1897-8 Protection of Ancient Monuments', below is a handwritten memorandum to Pitt-Rivers from [illegible initials] asking how much he thinks should be set aside in estimates for care of ancient monuments. At the bottom is a handwritten reply from Pitt-Rivers dated November 14 1896 saying: 'Since 1891 the Ancient Monuments Act has been virtually in abeyance, in consequence of the decision of the Board of Works, that I should no longer endeavour to obtain fresh monuments, but that the Act being permissive the attitude of the Government should be passive.' If this working of the Act is still considered satisfactory, I see no reason why any additional sum should be noted beyond what is necessary to keep the Monuments now under the Act in good repair. I have no opinion to offer on the subject. My letter to Mr Primrose [Henry William Primrose (1846-1923) secretary of Office of Works from 1887 to 1895, see here] of the 25th Feb 1891 sufficiently explains my views, but I think it desirable to take this opportunity of referring to the subject, in case dissatisfaction should be expressed on the part of archaeologists, and in order to show that it was not by my desire that the Act was discontinued. There has been some private correspondence with the owners of monuments since 1891, and some good done, but nothing contrary to the general tenor of my instructions. I have no knowledge whether the sum of £100 is sufficient or even whether it has been drawn.

There then follows a set of calculations: 'What has been expended last year & up to this date this year? [illegible initials] 23.11.96' reply: 'Expenditure as follows 1895-6 £17.11.3 1 Apl – 24 Nov. 96 £1.9.6 24.11.96' 'Secretary What provisions have been made for 1897-8 [illegible initials] 26.11.96'.

'General Pitt Rivers

Comparing the way in which you worked [?] the Act during the first 7 years the working of it during the past 5 have you any reason to think that the intention of those responsible for the act has been neglected of late?

2. Are you aware of any monuments of interest and importance which would have been scheduled had this Dept taken the initiative?

3. Do you know of any important monuments which are neglected owing to the fact that they are not scheduled? [illegible initials] 26 Nov 96'

The above are attached to a document titled 'Office Establishment / Gen'l A. Pitt-Rivers (Inspector of Ancient Monuments'

Next sheet is a Memorandum from H.W.P [Primrose], dated 28/2 "Finance Div'n [Division] I have informed Genl Pitt Rivers that the F.C., agrees to his proposal"

Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to 'Mr Primrose' dated 25 February 1891 stating that two years had passed since the Ancient Monuments Act was working on a new (more passive) system and as Pitt-Rivers had expected no new monuments had been scheduled. As little work had been done Pitt-Rivers proposed ceasing his government pay for the post. He reported that a sub-committee of the Society of Antiquaries had been formed to consider the changes in the Act which he would attend to answer questions but not serve on but concludes that 'I do not think that any damage is being done to pre-historic Monuments at the present time.'

A section of documents attached together relate to correspondence from with Treasury regarding Pitt-Rivers' pay as retired soldier and Inspector [dated around 1888] includes a memorandum dated 9 November 1882 from Lord Richard Grosvenor [Richard de Aquila Grosvenor, 1st Baron Stalbridge (1837-1912) Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury, see here) to Pitt-Rivers offering him the post of Inspector and 'An account of journies [sic] of inspection made by General Pitt Rivers since 21 July 1884' [lists activities up to 1888].

Box 3 / 1 / 2     Two typed identical copy letters of a letter dated 8 January 1897 from the secretary of the National Trust, Lionel Curtis [Lionel George Curtis (1872-1955), see here], to ?Pitt-Rivers [it appears the letter was forwarded to him for comment by 'R.L.' 10 January 1897]. The letter from the National Trust draws the recipient's attention to the destruction of prehistoric remains on Sherburton [?Sherberton] Common, Dartmoor and asking whether the Commissioner would work with the owners to bring the monument within the scope of the Ancient Monuments Protection Act, 1882.

Box 3 / 1 / 3     Printed document headed 'London and South Western Railway (Amesbury and Military Camp Light Railway)' [see here] dated 2 December 1897 with covering memoranda headed 'Amesbury Military Camp Light Railway Draft Order' with signatures and on the inside 'Do you advise that any steps may be called for in the interest of the protection of ancient monuments. The Board do not wish to put you to the trouble of examining the deposited plans [illegible initials] 18 Dec 97'.

[Please note that the size of the above documents in Box 3 / 1 precludes digitizing]

Box 3 / 2. 'Ancient Monuments Act / Monument: Aberlemno Stones / County:- Forfarshire, N.B. / Parish:- Aberlemno / Owner:- Mr Patrick Webster'
Box 3 / 2 / 1     Envelope marked 'Anc. Mons. Act. / Aberlemno Stones' / (a) Sheriff Thoms's letters / (b) Genl. Rivers letter to Mr Webster / (c) Webster's (Mr) Reply contains:

1 letter dated 13 September 1889 from George H.M. Thoms to Pitt-Rivers. [Actually George Hunter Macthomas Thoms (1831-1903), Sheriff of Caithness, Orkney and Shetland from 1870 to 1899 (see http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/g-hunter-thoms-as-magn...). According to he ‘held the position of 16th Chief, de jure Chief of Clan MacThomas. He was invested as a Fellow, Royal Society of Arts (F.R.S.A.). He was a practising Advocate. He was admitted to Royal Company of Archers. He held the office of Sheriff of Orkney and Zetland. He held the office of Vice-Admiral of the Pentland Firth. He was recognised by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and matriculated his arms at the Lyons Office in 1884. He was invested as a Fellow, Society of Antiquaries (F.S.A.) (Scot).’ His ancestral home was Aberlemno].

1 letter dated 7 October 1889 from George H.M. Thoms to Pitt-Rivers

1 letter dated 10 October 1889 from Pitt-Rivers to Patrick Webster

1 letter dated 22 October 1889 from ….ship [illegible, appears to be Webster's offspring to Pitt-Rivers]

1 letter dated 28 October 1889 from Pitt-Rivers to unnamed recipient 'My dear Sir'
Box 3 / 2 / 2     Piece of paper headed 'Aberlemno Plates 78 to 81 vol I [Pitt-Rivers' handwriting]

Box 3 / 2 / 3 and 3 / 2 / 4     Two drawings of crosses and iconography on them marked Plate 80 and Plate LXXXI [NB 3/2/3 is not digitised]

Box 3 / 2 / 5     One set of carbon copies of letters marked 'Complete' of correspondence about Aberlemno Stones [see here]. Contains:

1 letter from George H.M. Thoms [Apparently Sheriff of Orkney] to Pitt-Rivers dated 13 September 1889

1 letter from Thoms to Pitt-Rivers dated 7 October 1889

1 letter from Pitt-Rivers to Patrick Webster dated 10 October 1889 [see above]

1 letter from Webster [NB the signature did not look like it to me, but see above] to Pitt-Rivers dated 22 October 1889

1 letter from Pitt-Rivers to Thoms dated 28 October 1889

Typed transcript of formal memo from Pitt-Rivers regarding Ancient Monuments Act 1882 and Aberlemno Stones [2 copies]

2 x sets of duplicate copy letters (similar to 3//2/5 earlier) but marked 'Incomplete' which in addition to the above includes

1 letter from H. Cuffe to Pitt-Rivers dated 15 April 1890 regarding stones

1 letter from Patrick Webster dated 12 April 1890 to H. Cuffe

1 memo from Pitt-Rivers to ?Cuffe dated 21 April 1890

1 memo from Pitt-Rivers to ?Cuffe dated 2 February 1891 [NB 3/2/5 are not digitised]
Box 3 / 3 [Part 1, Part 2, Part 3] 'Ancient Monuments Act / Monuments: Dorset Tenant Hill Circle Corwell Circle 'Grey Mare & Colts' Dorchester Amphitheatre. Poxwell Circle. Dorset Field Club.'

Box 3 / 3 / 1     Letter dated 27 September 1887 to Pitt-Rivers from Albert Bankes [actually Wynne Albert Bankes (1840-1913) seehere] about the Dorchester Amphitheatre and agreeing it should be safely preserved [see here].

Box 3 / 3 / 2     Letter dated 29 September 1887 to Pitt-Rivers from Bankes about the Dorchester Amphitheatre, the Mayor had confirmed that the amphitheatre was partly in the Borough and partly in the Duchy and suggesting that Pitt-Rivers write to the Mayor asking him to get permission from the Borough and the Duchy for preservation of the monument

Box 3 / 3 / 3     Letter dated 30 September 1887 from Alfred Pope [Pope [Solicitor and brewer seehere] to Mansel-Pleydell [John Clavel Mansel-Pleydell (1817-1902) see here] about the Dorchester amphitheatre.

Box 3 / 3 / 4     Further letter from Pope to Mansel-Pleydell dated 31 September 1887.

Box 3 / 3 / 5     Letter from Mansel-Pleydell dated 22 September 1887 to Pitt-Rivers saying he had written to the Mayor about placing Amphitheatre at Dorchester under Ancient Monuments Act.

Box 3 / 3 / 6     Letter from Mansel-Pleydell dated 1 October 1887 to Pitt-Rivers.

Box 3 / 3 / 7     Letter from ?Edward Cassington dated 1 October 1887 to Pitt-Rivers.

Box 3 / 3 / 8     1 set of correspondence fastened together:

Letter from John Evans dated June 16 1890
to Pitt-Rivers about the amphitheatre at Dorchester

Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers 23 June 1890 to Mansel-Pleydell


Letter dated 26 June 1890 from Dorchester Town Clerk's Office to Pitt-Rivers

Box 3 / 3 / 9     Empty envelope marked 'Amphitheatre at Dorchester A.M. Act Correspondence

Box 3 / 3 / 10     Letter from Duchy of Cornwall Office dated 7 October 1887 saying request to place Amphitheatre at Dorchester under Ancient Monuments Act will be referred to Council.

Box 3 / 3 / 11     Letter from Duchy of Cornwall Office dated 13 December 1887 turning down request to place Amphitheatre at Dorchester under Ancient Monuments Act.

Box 3 / 3 / 12     Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to Mayor of Dorchester 6 October 1887 on preservation of amphitheatre

Box 3 / 3 / 13     Letter marked 'Crichel Wimborne' and 'Friday' addressed to Pitt-Rivers but otherwise pretty illegible. [It appears to have been written by Henry Gerard Sturt, 1st Baron Alington of Crichel. His home was Crichel House, Wimborne. He was a Conservative MP. See here.

Box 3 / 3 / 14     Letter dated 5 October 1887 addressed from 13 Brunswick Terrace Brighton [Bridehead Dorchester] from Robert Williams to Pitt-Rivers regarding two monuments

Box 3 / 3 / 15     Copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to Duchy of Cornwall 6 October 1887 on preservation of amphitheatre & copy letter Pitt-Rivers to Mayor of Dorchester dated 30 September 1887

Box 3 / 3 / 16     Letter 10 June 1893 from Richard Clapson Tuckett, The Bristol and District Footpath Preservation Society to Pitt-Rivers regarding 'certain wrongful encroachments' on Hambledon Hall near Blandford

Box 3 / 3 / 17     Letter dated May 6 1895 regarding Tenant Hill Circle from Edward Cunnington [Edward Benjamin Howard Cunnington (1861-1950) see here] to Pitt-Rivers with copy reply sent 18 May 1895 from Pitt-Rivers.

Box 3 / 3 / 18     Large sealed legal-sized envelope marked 'Dorchester Amphitheatre' [NB not digitized]

Box 3 / 3 / 19     Handwritten transcription of an extract from The Gentleman's Magazine 1768 regarding stones a quarter of a mile east of Poxwell.

Box 3 / 3 / 20     Drawings of Poxwell stone circle [see here] on tracing paper marked as having been prepared using camera lucida (and strongly resembling photographs taken by Pitt-Rivers' assistants on Inspector tours) with covering sheet of paper 'Tracings of Poxwell Circle by General Pitt-Rivers Comm'r for the Act for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments'.

Box 3 / 3 / 21     Letter marked 'Anc. M. Act Dorset Monuments Pokeswell [sic] Stone Circle' from Pitt-Rivers to Mansel-Pleydell dated 2 November 1887

Box 3 / 3 / 22     Letter from Jocelyn Pickard-Cambridge of Bloxworth 6 November 1887 regarding Poxwell to Pitt-Rivers.

Box 3 / 3 / 23     Letter from Mansel-Pleydell dated November 7 1887 to Pitt-Rivers regarding Poxwell.

Box 3 / 3 / 24     Letter from Mansel-Pleydell dated November 24 1887 to Pitt-Rivers about Poxwell.

Box 3 / 3 / 25     Copy letter to unnamed newspaper about Dorset Field Club on the monuments in county by Pitt-Rivers dated 7 February 1888.

Box 3 / 3 / 26     Series of copied correspondence in 1887-8 relating to the adoption of Tenant Hill stone circle [Kingston Russell stone circle] under the Ancient Monuments Act B 6936 / 87 [see here]. Includes letter dated 13 October 1887 from the Duke of Bedford [NB not digitized]

Box 3 / 3 / 27     Series of copied correspondence in 1887 relating to the adoption of Gorwell stone circle B 6278 / 87 [see here] includes a letter dated March 1889 from Algernon T.B. Sheridan, a letter dated 1 November 1887 from Mary Lothrop Sheridan (his wife), and a letter dated 24 October 1887 from Robert Williams [NB not digitized]

Box 3 / 3 / 28     Ancient Monuments Act memoranda headed in red 'Anc Mons Dorset' and 'Tenant Hill circle / Winterborne Abbas Stones' [see here] / Gorwell Circle 'Grey Mare and Colts' / Dorchester Amphitheatre / Poxwell Circle / Dorset Field Club on Anc: Mons: in Dorset'. [NB not digitized]

Box 3 / 3 / 29     Traced drawing of 'Cromlech near Tenant Hill, near Gorwell, Dorsetshire' with plan.
Box 3 / 4 'Pewsey & Salisbury light railway'

Box 3 / 4 / 1     Covering letter from Ambrose Poynter Secretary of National Trust [this must be Ambrose Macdonald Poynter (1867-1923) see here] 13 February 1899 enclosing Draft Bill for the Preservation of Interesting Places 7 February 1899 and Draft Bill to amend the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 8th February 1899 and saying there would be meeting on 22 February 1899 to discuss.

Box 3 / 4 / 2     Supplement to London Gazette March 2 1858 'Promotions to Army Ranks'. [NB not digitized]

Box 3 / 4 / 3 and 3 / 4 / 4     2 copies of Draft lecture on rifle shooting [presumably this is a draft talk, possibly dating from the 1850s or 1860s, the handwriting is much more legible than later drafts but the paper is apparently very similar to the large blue paper used later for draft papers. One [3.4.4] is in rougher hand than other]. [NB not digitized]

Box 3 / 4 / 5     Envelop addressed to Pitt-Rivers marked "Amesbury Light Railway [NB not digitized]

Letter dated 10 January 1898 B7393 (9) saying that the Office of Works had agreed to authorise the proposed Great Western Railway Pewsey & Salisbury Light Railway [NB not digitized]

2 x typed copy letter from Pitt-Rivers to 'Secretary' [presumably of the Office of Works?] dated 20 October 1897 asking for a map of the area so that he might follow the proposed route of the Pewsey and Salisbury Railway to check that it did not cut through any antiquities. [NB not digitized]

2 x typed copy document 'Pewsey & Salisbury Light Railway Draft Orde' June 1897. [NB not digitized]

1 x typed copy letter from Bret Ince regarding the opening of an enquiry. [NB not digitized]

1 x Printed pamphlet from the Office of Works B292 dated 13 January 1898 regarding the Great Western Railway Pewsey and Salisbury Light Railway. [NB not digitized]

Please note that some earlier transcriptions of some of the above documents in Boxes 1 - 3 can also be found here.

Box 4
Introduction: The cardboard folders which originally housed the documents now stored in Pitt-Rivers papers Box 3 [see above].
Four folders labelled:

Box 4 / 1     'Ancient Monuments Correspondence (Office of Works) that has not been answered' (handwritten in pencil on front of original cardboard folder) [Correspondence see Box 3/1 above]

Box 4 / 2     'Ancient Monuments Act / Monument: Aberlemno Stones / County:- Forfarshire, N.B. / Parish:- Aberlemno / Owner:- Mr Patrick Webster' (Original Cardboard Folder with printed label) [Correspondence see Box 3/2 above]

Box 4 / 3     'Ancient Monuments Act / Monuments: Dorset Tenant Hill Circle Corwell Circle 'Grey Mare & Colts' Dorchester Amphitheatre. Poxwell Circle. Dorset Field Club.' (Original Cardboard Folder with printed label) [Correspondence see Box 3/3 above]

Box 4 / 4     'Pewsey & Salisbury light railway' (written on front of original cardboard folder) [Correspondence see Box 3/4 above]

Boxes 5 and 6
Introduction: The existence of these notebooks (presumably held since Pitt-Rivers' death in 1900 within his family), was not known until 2012 when Anthony Pitt-Rivers generously donated them to the Pitt Rivers Museum. The 'Rethinking Pitt-Rivers' project had been in progress for some three years and had found out much new information about the two collections of Pitt-Rivers' but this donation was to revolutionise some aspects of the way his founding collection was perceived because they provided virtually the only surviving insight into his working methods and the developments of his intellectual life in the period before 1880 (apart from his publications). The notebooks included the earliest surviving documentation of artefacts in his founding collection, 'The Catalogue of Arms belonging to Lt Col. A Lane Fox' which had been compiled in 1862. Although not quite of such moment, the other notebooks also gave unique insights into the life and work of Pitt-Rivers in this formative period.
It is probable that these notebooks were not the only notebooks Pitt-Rivers ever compiled (in fact, it is clear that they were not as one of them is the only surviving notebook of a series of two). The notebooks were created at some point from just before 1845 (when he joined the Grenadier Guards) to around 1875 when the last of his dated (or dateable) entries was added. A paragraph in the front of the notebook which was titled (presumably by Pitt-Rivers) as 'Miscellaneous No. 1' says:

'These notes were begun very early when at a private Tutors the first 50 pages or so were noted down before entering the Guards. It The book was then left unused for some years & the subsequent notes were made chiefly since my return from Malta in 1856'

In fact it is clear that the early notes (which mostly relate to military affairs) were written between 1843 (the earliest date) and 1845. The private tutor was presumably employed to cram Lane Fox before his entry into the Guards. The first fifty or so pages relate to this period and there is evidence that the tutor corrected Lane Fox's notes.
The next set of notes seem to relate to books published in 1850 and it may therefore be that the notes were written in that year or shortly after (that is, slightly earlier than the note suggests). They are very varied, extracts from Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852), Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, 'Evangeline' (1847). There is also a loose sheet of paper headed 'School of Musketry Hythe', with pencil note 'by 3 tomorrow' which is a form to be filled in regarding the records of rifle shots which must date to after April 1852.
In the later three 'Miscellaneous' volumes the contents are a similar mixture of extracts from books he has read, sometimes relating to archaeology and anthropology but, more often, general reading, and sometimes parts or whole poems. A fifth miscellanea volume (which is not labelled as such and is written in a different sort of notebook) contains witty sayings, short comic stories and jokes (and gives the lie to Lane Fox (and Pitt-Rivers) not having a sense of humour). It even contains a slightly 'dirty' story.
It seems likely that some of these notebooks were intended to serve as notes for future publications (like the notes in the book marked 'Klemm No.2': note: there is no known 'Klemm No. 1). The odd selection of subjects presumably reflect the fact that not all the notebooks have survived. These notebooks form a fantastic resource for any scholars of Pitt-Rivers' life or work.See here for more about these notebooks.

Box 5

Box 5 / 1'1862 Catalogue of Arms'

[NB no title on cover] Handwritten heading on first page 'The Catalogue of Arms belonging to Lt Col. A Lane Fox taken at Park Hill House Clapham 21st August 1862.'

The soft-backed school exercise book with lined paper contains a series of handwritten one-line descriptions of the weapons owned by Pitt-Rivers (or, as he was then, Lane Fox) in August 1862 (before his objects had gone on general public display). See here for a full transcription of the notebook, each entry has also been matched (where possible) to a weapon in the founding collection of the Pitt Rivers Museum. The catalogue lists in excess of 757 artefacts (the number cannot be given exactly as some entries are composite, for example 'No 334 Bundle of long arrows British Guiana'). The catalogue lists the following types of objects (in order of appearance):

  • Clubs;
  • Paddles;
  • Spears;
  • Axes, adzes and staff weapons;
  • Swords, daggers and knives;
  • Shields;
  • Armour;
  • Bows, quivers and arrows;
  • Firearms, bayonets and cartridges.

Background to the Catalogue by Alison Petch: It is not known why Pitt-Rivers compiled this catalogue. It was prepared shortly before he left England for a period of service in the British Army in Cork (now in the Republic of Ireland) and he may have wanted to record the collection as it was before he packed and left Clapham, London. He may just have decided that with a sizeable collection like this (just under 800 objects are listed), a catalogue was an important tool of collections management. The handwritten catalogue may also have served as a visitor's hand-list for any friends or colleagues who wished to explore the collection. The existence of the catalogue does suggest that by 1862 he was clearly:

  • Intellectually processing his collection (the subdivisions serving as 'types', which would later be formalised as his customary 'typological' display arrangement)
  • Storing the collection in a way that made it accessible at least to the cataloguer (that is, Pitt-Rivers himself) but also possibly to visitors
  • Showing that he did not necessarily think of the collection as a solitary pursuit, but as something that would interest others
  • As usual with Pitt-Rivers though, the museological methodology lacked a certain degree of exactitude. It is impossible, for example, to identify the 2 clubs with the same description 'Club South Sea Islands'. This is because these clubs (if they survive in the founding collection) are not identified sufficiently clearly (knowing they came from the Pacific area does not limit the number of options when there are a total of 307 clubs from the Pacific in the founding collection; many of which, of course, would not have been part of his collection in 1862).

    Were it not for the fact that he also matched the line-by-line descriptions with labels on the objects themselves and transcribed the numbers thereon as well, many more of his entries would not be matchable to the actual objects today. Although not many of these original labels have survived into the twenty-first century an example of such a label, made from a handwritten ink description on a bone disc presumably tied to the artefact, is shown here. To make things more difficult for matching purposes, the descriptions given in the 1862 catalogue are often at variance to the descriptions and provenances now attributed to the weapons and even to the later descriptions by Pitt-Rivers himself. The very first club listed on page one, said in 1862 to be 'Nubian' was by 1874 being described as 'Australian' by Pitt-Rivers.

    How, you may ask, could he get the provenances so wrong? I think this reflects the fact that he so often obtained objects at third hand (from dealers, auction houses and acquaintances). In the case of the vast majority of objects listed in the 1862 catalogue we do not know from whom he obtained them, or when, or how much they cost him or even what he was told about them when he purchased or was given them. Such inexactitute casts doubt on the reliability of the documentation for founding collection items that we have that pre-dates 1885 when the objects reached Oxford.  Even his printed and published account of his weapons collection, first published in 1874 (further edition in 1878) has extremely limited descriptions and is often difficult to match to the actual artefacts.

    See also here for more information about the catalogue.

    Box 5 / 2'Survivals'

    [Printed title on front cover] 'Survivals No. 1' This notebook is hard-bound, cardboard-covered but has a supporting spine, the back cover is partly missing. The pages are lined. Box 5/2 and 5/3 may have been pasted together to form two halves of a whole.

    The subject matter appears to be 'survivals' in a Tylorian sense (that is, customs that had survived from the past but which were now somewhat out of place or remarkable). The first survival that is listed on page 1 is 'Burning oats from the straw Ireland and Western isles' (that is burning the straw to obtain the oats rather than threshing). The title is given in a hand-drawn box on the left hand top part of the section and the relevant quotation is then transcribed. At the bottom of the entry is the source of the information. In this case it was appropriately 'Primitive culture Tylor vol 1 p 39-40'. It is not clear when this notebook was written. but the first edition of 'Primitive Culture' was published in 1871 so this book (and series of notes) must post-date that publication.

    Here is the first note in its entirety:

    'Burning oats from the straw Ireland & Western isles. 'Acts of Parliament were past [sic] two or three centuries ago [insert] in Ireland [end insert] against the inveterate habit of fastening ploughs to horses tails, and of burning oats from the straw to save trouble of threshing' 'Early in the 18th century Martin (Martin's description of the Western Isles in Pinkerton vol III p 639) mentions as prevalent there, the ancient way of dressing corn by burning it dexterously from the ear, which he notes to be a very quick process thence called 'graddan (Gaelic grad = quick)'

    Primitive culture Tylor vol 1 p 39-40'

    The first edition of Tylor's Primitive Culture (1871) on page 39 says:

    'The evidence from wild parts of Ireland two or three centuries ago is interesting from this point of view. Acts of Parliament were passed against the inveterate habits of fastening ploughs to the horses' tails, and of burning oats from the straw to save the trouble of threshing. In the 18th century Ireland could still be thus described in satire:--

    'The Western isle renowned for bogs,

    For tories and for great wolf-dogs,

    For drawing hobbies by the tails,

    And threshing corn with fiery flails.' [footnote: W.C. Taylor, 'Nat. Hist. of Society' vol. i, p. 202]

    ... [p. 40][half a page later] Early in the 18th century Martin mentions as prevalent there the ancient way of dressing corn by burning it dexterously from the ear, which he notices to be a very quick process, thence called 'graddan' (Gaelic, grad = quick)[footnote Martin, 'Description of Western Islands, in Pinkerton, vol. iii, p. 639]'

    From which one can conclude that Pitt-Rivers did not accurately transcribing his quotations but he was reasonably accurate in putting down the gist of the quotation and recording the source(s). The other subjects he covers in the notebook are (in order of appearance, title and source):

    • Unturned pottery still used in the Hebrides 1868 / Primitive culture vol 1 p 40
    • Offence to touch the ropes of a tent on entering [one word illegible] / Primitive culture vol 1 p 63 [one word illegible]
    • Objection to May marriages Rome England / Primitive culture vol 1 p 63
    • The nursery story of the House that Jack Built is survival of a Jewish ... [one word illegible it looks like neligrove] poem called Chad gadya / Primitive culture Tylor vol 1 p 78 [in this case the title was the only note, Tylor does not make exactly this point]
    • Practice of building there [sic] houses on ... situated by the Hervey islanders when in Tahiti / South Sea bubbles by the Earl & doctor p 41**

    [The rest of the book is blank]

    ** This book was published in 1872 'South-Sea Bubbles By the Earl and the Doctor' George Robert Charles Herbert 13th Earl of Pembroke & George Henry Kingsley, page 41 of the American edition does not appear to include any relevant information to the above title, nor do the surrounding close pages.

    Box 5 / 3'Continuity'

    [Printed title on back cover] 'Continuity. No. 1'. This is a notebook of similar manufacture to 5/2 again it is missing part of its front cover. Box 5/2 and 5/3 may have been pasted together to form two halves of a whole. The pages inside are lined.

    Again this appears to date from or after 1871 as it uses quotations from E.B. Tylor 'Primitive Culture'. The first quotation is not headed and is from page 18 of Primitive Culture [volume 1], 'To ingenious attempts at explaining by the light of reason things which want the light of history to show their meaning, much of the learned nonsense of the world has indeed been due.' He then notes without quotation the example Tylor uses from Maine.

    The other subjects he covers in the notebook are (in order of appearance, title and source):

    • The past to be judged by the present / Primitive Culture Tylor vol 1 p 29
    • Mutation necessary to originality / The martyrdom of Man by Winwood Reade p 439 [1872]
    • Newspaper cutting pasted into book 'Times Nov 29-75 / 'The English on New Things—There is a very curious illustration of the slowness of the English mind to entertain any new question, to be seen everywhere in the kingdom. When I first visited England, in 1857, there was no locomotive in the country that afforded any protection at all to the driver and stoker ... In 1886, I saw that some of the engines had an iron plate in front ... In 1867 the height of this was increased ... In 1873 these plates were higher than the head ... In this country, from the first year of our railways, our engines have afforded perfect shelter to the men.—Colorado Gazette.

    [The rest of the book is blank]

    Box 5 / 4 'Locomotion, Roads, Carriages, Bridges. Transport Animals, Harness Path Finding, &c'.

    Handwritten title on inside cover 'Locomotion, Roads, Carriages, Bridges. Transport Animals, Harness Path Finding, &c.'

    This is a notebook of similar manufacture to 5/2 again it is missing part of its cover. It probably dates from the early to mid 1870s judging by the date of its only quotation

    The only note (title and source): is Kirghis locality recognized by means of flowers grass / Ride to Khiva of Capt Burnaby p 245 [Actually 'A Ride to Khiva: Travels and Adventures in Central Asia' By Frederick Burnaby [second edition was 1876]

    [The rest of the book is blank]

    Box 5 / 5 'Conservatism'

    [Printed title on back cover] 'Conservatism. No. 1'.

    This is a notebook of similar manufacture to 5/2 again it is missing part of its cover. The pages inside are lined. It probably dates from the early to mid 1870s judging by the date of its quotations

    The notes cover (in order of appearance, title and source):

    • Dyaks of Borneo Law against cutting trees European fashion / Journ Ind Archipel (Ed by J.R. Logan) vol II p 1 Primitive Culture Tylor vol 1 p 64 [Note that the quote is actually from Primitive Culture page 64]
    • Conservatism of savages in general Tylor / Primitive culture Tylor vol 1 p 142
    • Conservatism of the Hindus / C. Horne Cat B.C.S. [...wood 19/1/72 is written by the side of the end of this quotation, and may provide the date for the work]

    [The rest of the book is blank]

    Box 5 / 6Unnamed notebook [Jokes etc]

    [no title on cover or inside]

    This is a slightly larger cardboard covered notebook with supported spine, the cover is green

    This is a fifth miscellanea volume (which is not labelled as such and is written in a different sort of notebook) contains ?juvenalia--witty sayings, short comic stories and jokes. For other notebooks labelled Miscellaneous see Box 6. Among the jokes is one serious section [wrongly transcribed?]

    3 loose papers in front of notebook:

    • Calling card with handwritten name 'Mrs. Robinson' and 'Gochville' [?] written on the front in ink, on the back in pencil is written: 'Why were the New York workers like Pharoes daughter. [Sideways drawing of a heart with text 'vous vous vous vous vous vous'] because they found a little prophet in the rushes on the Bank [ie a riddle]
    • Folded sheet of writing paper, handwritten text 'The scene is in Miss Gascoigne's boudoir. It is 6 A.M.! The table is strewed with love letters, Valentinessmall scraps of poetry, composed by the said Miss Gascoigne. lockets, tokens, pieces of hair of all shades & colours from the purest white to the deepest black & every shade of russet in short, every sort of thing that a young lady ought not to possess. / The sun is peeping above the horizon and 'Like a lobster boil'd the morn / From black to red begins to turn' / Miss G, fearful lest her dear Mother should discover her manner of passing the night, is retiring stealthily to a pretended rest, when, a voice is heard from above the chimney. She starts, seizes the poker, and rushing madly to the furthest end of the apartement [sic], the following dialogue ensues. / 1st Monkey / Hold, gentle Hellen, why so furnkey [?] / It is I, your faithful Monkey. / Here upon this mantle-shelf / I daily do inform myself. / of all that passeth! / When at night, thou lock'st thy door, / And fancieth the world no more, / little, simple, dost thou think, / I am the connecting link that dost betray the [the transcript ends there]
    • Sheet of paper with ruled narrow lines in 3s in pencil. There are 4 sets of three and they are each coloured in sections in blue, red, yellow, green and black.

    The first text written in the book begins:

    'Job Trotter bowed low, and in spite of Mr Welle's previous remonstrance the tears again rose to his eyes, I never see such a feller said Sam, blessed if I don't think he's got a main in his head as is always turned on.

    The Pickwick Papers

    page 16' [This is from the 'Penitent Proposal of Mr Trotter' by Charles Dickens from the Pickwick Papers]
    Following this there are quotations  (in order of appearance) from:

    Sheridan

    • [Several jokes]
    • Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens
    • Spectator no 61 Addison
    • Spectator no 62 Addison
    • Spectator no 66 Hughes
    • Hudibras
    • Spectator no 45 Addison
    • Joke
    • Edinburgh Review April 1860 p 402
    • A slightly off colour joke about Ruskin's wife: 'Mr Ruskin's wife claims the right of divorce on the grounds of impotency. The following lines were written for her / In stones Medieval & Gothic erections / You've been very clever we all do agree / But though yours of last hopes & long blighted affections / You’ve had neither stones nor erections for me. [This would suggest that this book dates from around 1852-1854 or later.]
    • [Title] Mode of catching partridges [word illegible] by the Patagonian Indians / Odd people, the Singular Races of Man by Mayne Reid Page 452 [see here page 436][Book title is actually 'Odd People: Being a Popular Description of Singular Races of Man' by Mayne Reid [1861?]

    etc etc

    Box 5 / 7'Klemm No. 2'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Klemm – No. 2'. This notebook is hard-bound, cardboard-covered but has a supporting spine. This notebook is much thicker than other notebooks and sliightly larger but it has again got cardboard covers with spine binding. Note that the first lined page has a quotation which is not from Klemm: 'Human nature as received [?] in its rude state as pictured amongst African savages is quite on a level with that of the brute & not to be compared with the noble character of the dog. There is neither gratitude, pity, love, nor self-denial; no idea of duty; no religion; thieves, idle, envious, & ready to plunder & enslave their weaker neighbours' / Baker's 'Explanation of the Albert Nyanza' (vol 1 pp 240-2)['The Albert-Nyanza, Great Basin of the Nile and explorations of the Nile' by Samuel White Baker 1866

    Then the Klemm account begins.

    Background to the Klemm Notebook by Alison Petch: In the 1906 edition of 'The Evolution of Culture', edited by John Linton Myres, the preface says:

    'The footnotes demand a word of explanation. The author, has the original publications show, was not precise in indicating his sources; he frequently gave, as a quotation, the general sense rather than the exact words of his authority; and occasionally his memory played him false. In the reprint, the precise references have been identified, and are given in full, and obvious errors in the text have been either amended or corrected in a footnote.' [Pitt-Rivers: 1906: Preface]

    This confirms the experience of this cataloguer. When the extracts handwritten in the notebooks were checked against other sources it was most often found that there were small errors of transcription, mostly words omitted rather than changed or being added. The notes in Klemm must refer to 'Werkzeuge und Waffen' (Sondershausen, 1858). Lane Fox has caused each page to be filled with what appears to be a full translation and transcription of Klemm's text relating to figures in his book etc. The handwriting appears to be too neat and different from Lane Fox's to be his so he perhaps commissioned a translation (though his handwriting is very changeable over the period of the notebooks). It is possible that it is Lane Fox's own work because he is known to have holidayed in German-speaking areas of Europe many times and, of course, it is helpful to speak the language of the area you are travelling in. Certainly he is known to have written and spoken French as other notebooks testify. In the days before photocopying and digitizing, copying was the only way of making notes about texts which you did not own or which you wished to condense. Of course, in the case of Klemm the text was in German whilst Lane Fox's notes are in English. We must therefore assume that the transcriber was able to read German and that he or she was translating it as they went along, a true labour of love or a paid commission? Presumably Klemm No. 1 notebook had contained earlier pages from the volume, but No. 2 starts at Figure 124. I am very grateful to Elin Bornemann who confirmed that the transcription appeared to be a full translation of Klemm's text, though she commented that it was not always entirely accurate.

    Box 5 / 8 'Religions 1'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Religions. No. 1' Also handwritten label on middle of front cover 'Religions No. 1'. This book is a thin, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is unlined.

    Printed label inside front cover 'D. Batten / Account Book Manufacturer / Clapham Common / Plain and ornamental bookbinding' [If Pitt-Rivers purchased this direct from the manufacturer he could have obtained it when he lived in Clapham between 1858-1862, see here.

    Inside of inside cover, handwritten in capitals, 'Religion'

    Blank sheet of good quality writing paper with stamped impressed crest

    Ist sheet torn out, small parts of the original handwritten text can be read, part is in French [J'aim ...'] It is possible that a book was reused and had previously been used for other purposes.

    From page 2 the format of the handwritten text follows the pattern described for Box 5/2 with titles of the section set out in hand-bordered box on top left and the source given at the foot of the quotation or note. Unlike other notebooks the book is entirely filled with notes. In addition there are some items pasted into the book, for example a rough drawing of 4 stones with a caption 'Polynesian stone Gods', there is also a very long newspaper cutting from an undated Times of the account of the court martial of Admiral Edward Belcher when he lost ships in 1854, he was eventually exonerated.

    A sample of the first few quotations or extracts (in order of appearance, title and source):

    • Religion of the Ancient Peruvians / [illegible possible J2] de Tschudi on the Ancient Peruvians Ethnological Socy's papers vols 1-2 p 81 [J.J De Tschudi 'On the Ancient Peruvians' Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1848-1856), Vol. 1, (1848), pp. 79-85]
    • Religion of the Mongols / St John on the Mongols Ethnol Socy vol 1-2 p. 88 [Bayle St John 'The Mongols' Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1848-1856), Vol. 1, (1848), pp. 86-102]
    • Religion of the Esquimaux / no source given
    • Religion of the North American Indians / Dr John Scouler on the Indian tribes inhabiting the west coast of N America Ethnolog Soc papers vol 1-2 p 248 ['On the Indian Tribes Inhabiting the North-West Coast of America' John Scouler Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1848-1856), Vol. 1, (1848), pp. 228-252]
    • Old Calibar / W.F. Daniell Eth Soc papers vol 1-2 p 224 ['On the Natives of Old Callebar, West Coast of Africa' W. F. Daniell and R. G. Latham Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1848-1856), Vol. 1, (1848), pp. 210-227]
    • Similarities between the religious observations of the Yakuti [insert] & Samoides [end insert] & the natives of Guiana / Sir R Schomburgk on the natives of British Guiana read before the Ethnological Soc 27th Nov 1844 vol 1-2 p 260 ['On the Natives of Guiana' Robert Schomburgk Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1848-1856), Vol. 1, (1848), pp. 253-276] etc etc

    In summary he was making notes from volume 1-2 of the Ethnological Society where it pertained to religion. Later he turns to other sources e.g.

    • Religion of the Fijians / Bensusan the Fiji Islands vol 32 R G Society read April 14 1862 [M. Bensusan, 'The Fiji islands' Journal of The Royal Geographical Society. Vol. xxxii (1862) 'Read April 14, 1862.'

    Box 5 / 9 'Religions 2'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Religions. No. 2'. On the middle of the front cover is handwritten 'Religions'. This book is a thin, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is unlined. This follows the same format as Religions 1, a series of notes with headings in boxes and sources given at the end. Again the book is almost completely full, only the last 2 and a half pages are blank.

    Box 5 / 10'Religions 3'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Religions. No. 3'. On the middle of the front cover is handwritten 'Religions No 3'. Inside are 2 loose sheets advertising a series of lectures: 'Royal Institution of Great Britain / Lectures on Savages / by Sir John Lubbock, Bart, F.R.S. / Lecture V.—Thursday, 18th June 1868.' and a third advertising the next lecture by Lubbock 'Royal Institution of Great Britain / Lectures on Savages / by Sir John Lubbock, Bart, F.R.S. / Lecture VI.—Saturday, June 20, 1868.'

    It is possible therefore that the book was being used around 1868.

    The notebook is in the same format as 5/8 and 5/9, the paper is unlined. The text is in the same format as 5/8 and 5/9. Most of the book contains notes, roughly the last fifth of the book is empty. There is one loose newspaper cutting, handwritten on top is 'From Times of Dec 16 1875' the cutting's headline is 'Winter Assizes / Midland Circuit / Warwick Dec 15' [handwritten addition '1875'] regarding the trial of James Haywood for the murder of Ann Tennant. Haywood believed that Tennant was a witch which was presumably why Pitt-Rivers cut the cutting out and put it into the notebook.

    Box 5 / 11'Religions 4'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Religions. No. 4'. On the middle of the front cover is handwritten 'Religions No 4'. This notebook's spine is in poor condition only the first quarter of the book has handwritten entries. The book is thicker [more like 5/7 in format] The text is entered in the same style as 5/8-5/10. There is a loose newspaper clipping from unknown source and date about flogging in effigy Also a folded handwritten sheet headed 'Project for the establishment of a permanent classification and Distribution Committee under the auspices of the Ethnological Society' transcribed here

    There is a further newspaper cutting on 'The Chinese language' from unknown source and date.

    Box 6

    Box 6 / 1 'Miscellaneous 1'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Miscellaneous No. 1'. This book is a thin, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is unlined.

    Several blank unlined pages inside, then lined with text.
    A paragraph in the first written page of the notebook says:
    'These notes were begun very early when at a private Tutors the first 50 pages or so were noted down before entering the Guards. It The book was then left unused for some years & the subsequent notes were made chiefly since my return from Malta in 1856'
    In fact it is clear that the early notes (which mostly relate to military affairs) were written between 1843 (the earliest date) and 1845. The private tutor was presumably employed to cram Lane Fox before his entry into the Guards. The first fifty or so pages relate to this period and there is evidence that the tutor corrected Lane Fox's notes.

    The first actual page of notes are headed 'Notes made from daily readings'. The notes are carefully and neatly written (the handwriting is noticeably less rough than in later years and he has used a finer nib). The first page of notes reads:

    'The Phoenicians first doubled the Cape of Good Hope—Vasa [a 'c' has been inserted so it reads Vasca] di Gama, a Portuguese, the first modern who doubled it. A.D. 1497.

    Pythagoras teacher of the Metempsychosis or transmigration of Souls.

    Archimedes, of Syracuse, was killed by a soldier BC 212

    Cucha of Alexandria, flourished 300 years BC.

    Cambyses the Persian conquered Egypt BC 500.

    Siege of Azotus (Ashdod in Dan) lasted 29 years It was besieged by Psamanethihu [?] about 640 years BC the longest siege known.

    Troy besieged by Agamemnon for 10 years.'

    Most of the notes refer to historical battles, or fortifications or armaments as might be expected in someone cramming before joining the Army. The handwriting changes later, presumably when he resumes using the notebook after his return from Malta in August 1857 [he was in Malta, with his family, from May 1854 to then]. Several pages of notes refer to medical matters, examination of the nervous system etc, there is a loose drawing of the brain showing named parts, the evolution of dogs (for example the blood hounds introduced into the West Indies etc etc. They are all notes from named sources. They also include transcriptions of a poem by Pope [Windsor Forest] the lines:

    For me the balm shall bleed, and amber flow,

    The coral redden, and the ruby glow,

    The pearly shell its lucid globe infold,

    And Phœbus warm the ripening ore to gold.

    The time shall come, when free as seas or wind

    Unbounded Thames shall flow for all mankind,

    Whole nations enter with each swelling tide,

    And seas but join the regions they divide;

    Earth's distant ends our glory shall behold,

    And the new world launch forth to seek the old.

    are slightly misquoted by Pitt-Rivers [his version starts 'For as the balm ...'], several other lines vary. Other topics, chosen randomly include 'Christianity established in Britain', 'Abridgement of the Xth chapter of Lords Physiology The Nervous System', 'Election Franchise ...'

    Box 6 / 2 'Miscellaneous 2'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Miscellaneous No. 2'. This book is a thin, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is unlined and of a bluish tinge.

    The first page reads: 'To Will and to achieve some great object, is proper to the dignity of human nature' Rankes History of the Popes vol 1 page 32 Chap II. [See here ]

    On Public Opinion / 'We are not to believe that the influence of public opinion on the world has begun to make itself felt for the first time in our own day; through every age of Modern Europe, it has constituted an important element of social life. Who shall say whence it arises or how it is formed; it may be regarded as the most peculiar [insert] product [end insert] of that identification of interests which holds society in compact forms, as the most intelligible expression of those internal movements & revolutions, by which life shared in common is agitated. The sources whence it take its rise are equally remote ...' [extract ends two pages further on and is given as 'Rankes History of the Popes vol 1 page 100 Book II Chap I'.

    It is followed by notes from Herodotus including some drawings and then a variety of different sources and topics including (chosen randomly) the 'Origin of the Rib or pilastic [?] at the back of all Ancient Egyptian sculptures & figures', 'Natives of South Africa unable to build houses square', 'Tabular chronological view of the attempts made by the several civilized natives to open commerce with Japan', 'The Ladder of St Augustine' [poem by Longfellow], 'Conversations on the History of Russia', 'Bad effect of centralisation of Government', 'Science Art and Literature ...' etc etc. Almost every page is filled with handwritten text.

    Box 6 / 3 'Miscellaneous 3'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Miscellaneous No. 3'.

    A slightly thicker hard cardboard-bound notebook, with lined pages

    First page is back in the same format as the format of the handwritten text follows the pattern described for Box 5/2 with titles of the section set out in hand-bordered box on top left and the source given at the foot of the quotation or note. The first page is headed 'Early part of the 16th Century Geological phenomena began to attract the attention of Christian nations', extract from Lyell's 'Principles of Geology' first published in 1830-3. Again the notebook is a fairly random set of notes [as the title of the notebook suggests] from a variety of sources. There is a loose blue sheet of foolscap in the pages which starts 'Your article in today's paper refers to a subject which is of interest to most officers, the Improvement of the Soldiers condition. You advocate promotion from the ranks, and no doubt to a limited extent this is found advisable. But military officers of experience are not found to be favourable to any great extension of this system, from the feeling that it would entail greater evils upon the higher ranks for the Army than would be compensated for by its advantage to the lower. ...' [This is possibly a draft letter to a newspaper?] Virtually every page is filled with handwritten text.

    Box 6 / 4 'Miscellaneous 4'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Miscellaneous No. 4'.

    This book is a thick, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is unlined.. At one end is a hand-written Index, unpaginated, which appears to relate to Army life. Here is the first part of the Index:

    First column

    Accounts of shoemakers ... Now Kept

    Accounts of Hospital

    ... Made out by Quarter Masters's depart

    Arrangement of Receipt ... Relative to the

    Allowance for School

    Allowance for Baggage

    Allotment of Quarters ... on a March

    Armourer Serjeant ... Relative to

    Applications ... Mode of settling at Memo? for Books &c for Companies

    Absence ..  Scale of Punishment for

    Advanced Guards ... Relative to ...

    The Index covers subjects listed under A – W.

    Then after a blank page are 'Instructions for the guidance of Battalions relative to Finance &c &c &c' and 'The following Books and the forms for the Stationery requisitions and for the Effective state of Battalions will be furnished by the Regiment & kept by such Batallions in addition to the books mentioned in Reg'n for the Army ...'

    Both of these lists are very neatly handwritten (probably not by Pitt-Rivers)

    There is a great deal of empty pages after this. The other half of the book is written upside down, ie its first page leads from the other cover.

    Other end: A series of miscellaneous notes as per Box 5/2 and others, with titles of the section set out in hand-bordered box on top left and the source given at the foot of the quotation or note. The pages are paginated. The title on the first page is 'Notes on the Natural History & Geology of the Galapagos islands' this covers pages 1-19 with the source on page 19 given as 'Darwin's Naturalists Journal page 372 to 398. [Possibly the book now known as the Voyage of the Beagle, first published in 1839?] Most of the early entries are quotations from this book, other sources include du Chaillu, Psychological Journal no 1 Jan 1861 page 139, Petherick's Travels in Soudan, on the Mongols by Bagle St John [also quoted from in Religions no 1 notebook], there is a newspaper cutting pasted in from The Times of no date about Latin and Greek composition (a letter from F.H. Ringwood. On page 122 and on is a 'Genealogy of the Lane Fox family Copy Verbatim'. On page 128 is another series of newspaper cuttings about education most of which are dated 1866-1867. Between pages 139-140 is a handdrawn draft of a ticket for the International Congress of Prehistoric Archaeology in 1868 of which Pitt-Rivers was a member of the organizing committee, see http://web.prm.ox.ac.uk/rpr/index.php/pitt-rivers-life/32-a-year-in-the-.... On the penultimate unnumbered page is another pasted newspaper cutting from the Times May 21st 1867 which starts 'Last week was a very bad week for foot passengers in London. ...' There are also three other loose unsourced newspaper cuttings, two relating to two-year old horse racing, one to 'The Aborigines of Tasmania'

    Transcription of part of Miscellaneous 4 can be found here here.

    Box 6/5 Building and Architecture No. 1 / Agriculture

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Building & Architecture No. 1 / Agriculture.' Label in middle of front cover handwritten 'Building & Architecture Household Furniture'. Label in middle of back cover handwritten 'Agriculture'. This book is a thin, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is unlined.

    From front cover the text is arranged in the usual fashion as Box 5/2. The first page is headed 'Architecture of the Ancient Inhabitants of Mongolia' and is another excerpt from Bayle St John [see Miscellaneous 4 and Religions no 1 notebooks] Over half the way through the book there are on some pages pasted in tracing paper on which are traced drawings presumably taken from the books in question. Most of the book is arranged to be read from this cover, a very few pages are to be read from the back cover and relate to Agriculture. From back cover the text is arranged in the usual fashion as Box 5/2. The first note is about 'Clipped hedges borrowed from Japan' taken from Alcock's Narrative of a Journey through the Interior of Japan vol 32 1755. Again it has a series of tracings on tracing paper pasted in showing agricultural tools

    Box 6 / 6 'Building and Architecture No. 2 / Pipes Smoking'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Building and Architecture No. 2 / Pipes - Smoking.' Label in middle of front cover handwritten 'Building & Architecture'. From front cover the text is arranged in the usual fashion as Box 5/2. This book is a thin, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is unlined.

    The first entry is headed 'Barths house in Kuka'. It too has a tracing on tracing paper pasted in of the floorplan of the house as do other entries later on. A few pages at the back of the book are empty.

    Box 6 / 7  'Personal Ornament, Sepultre'

    [printed label on top and bottom of front and back covers] 'Personal Ornament, Sepultre.' Label in middle of front cover handwritten 'Building & Architecture'. In the middle of the front cover is handwrittten 'Personal Ornament' (it seems that a similar label on the back cover has been removed). On the inside front cover is written 'Personal ornaments jewlry [sic]'. From front cover the text is arranged in the usual fashion as Box 5/2. This book is a thin, hard cardboard-bound notebook, the paper is lined. On the first page with text is a piece of tracing paper with a drawing on it, pasted in. The title underneath is '3 Bronze bracelets [illegible] actual size by the Baron de Bousteller found in Switzerland', on other pages are similar tracing paper drawings of arm ornaments. On the fourth page the traced drawing is coloured green. On the following page is another drawing captioned 'Unique specimen of Gold Ring Money found in the Co Waterford Wt  [weight] 1 oz 10 [illegible]' and 'In the possession of Jas. H. Greaves Marlboro Co. Cork copied from a scrap book lent by Mr Windele Cork'. The text throughout is arranged as per Box 5/2 (title in box, entry and source).

    In about the middle of the book is a ticket pasted in which is captioned 'Ticket to which the brooch was attached at the sale of Mr Lindsay's antiquities April 1868 ALF [Augustus Lane Fox] and on the facing page is a printed catalogue for the sale of John Lindsay's collection at Sotheby in London on 8 April 1868, pasted in.  These both are shown in a section headed 'The Galway Brooch'. Opposite the first section of the entry is a drawing of the brooch with the number 157 printed and a printed description [possibly part of the auction catalogue?]. This is annotated 'The above is now in Col A. Lane Fox's possession 1871'. The whole section is transcribed here. A couple of pages further on is a letter pasted into the notebook. This letter reads:

    'Dec 5 1875

    Dear Fox.

    What do you make of this Bronze Fibula and cornelian intaglio ring. I have not yet the particulars of this find to send you but they come from P... [illegible] sand [or south?] tumuli. You will find a paper of mine was read at the last Arch meeting in Burlington [next few words illegible] with other pottery remains of human bones .. is the Brooch Celtic or Roman or Gaulish

    I do not want much talk about the find until I have fairly excavated [illegible] honest tramping Archaeologists get every where

    Yours affec

    WO Stanley' [below the letter is pasted a drawing of the brooch]

    The format of the text is the same from the other end of the book, there is a sheet of blotting paper folded in loose. Several of the section relate to the treatment of the dead.

    A few pages are empty.

    Box 7 Offprints etc
    Descriptions in italics in square brackets at end are the bibliographic references for the original article.

    Box 7/1          'In the High Court of Justice Chancery Division Mr Justice Kekewich Re Pitt-Rivers Scott v. Pitt-Rivers Shorthand Writers Notes of the Trial 20th December 1900 page 3 11th January 1901 page 15 16th January 1901 page 17 28th January 1901 page 89. Kennedy, Hughes and Ponsonby 4 Clement's Inn, Strand, WC.'

    Box 7/2          Copy of Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers' last will and testament, sent by HMCS to Jeremy Coote on 10 November 2009 for the Leverhulme Trust funded research project, Rethinking Pitt-Rivers.

    Box 7/3          1878 'The Arts of the Andamanese and Nicobarese by E.H. Man Esq with Observations by Major-General A. Lane Fox, F.R.S. From the Journal of the Anthropological Institute, vol VII, 1878 Illustrated by five plates and four woodcuts. London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St Martin's Lane.' [Man, E.H. 1878. The Arts of the Andamanese and Nicobarese. London: Harrison.]

    Box 7/4          3 x 'Opening of the Dyke Road, or Black Burgh Tumulus, near Brighton in 1872, and Excavations in the Camp and Tumulus at Seaford, Sussex. By Col. A. Lane Fox.' [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1876. [c]. 'Opening of the Dyke Road, or Black Burgh Tumulus, near Brighton in 1872', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 6 (1876), pp. 280-287.][I copy missing cover][1 copy obtained from another unnamed source]

    Box 7/5          1 x 'An address delivered at the opening of The Dorset County Museum, on Tuesday, January 7th, 1884, by General Pitt-Rivers Dorchester Printed by James Foster, 4 Cornhill 1884.' [Copy obtained from another unnamed source] [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1884. [a]. Address delivered at the Opening of the Dorset County Museum, Dorchester January 7 1884. Dorchester: J Foster. [Transcription found here]]

    2 x [Reprint] 'Address by Lt-General AHLF Pitt-Rivers at the opening of The Dorset County Museum, 1884' The Friary Press, Dorchester, 1984.

    Box 7/6          'The President's Address'

    Second copy in slightly different form, 'Inaugural address of Lieut.-General A.H. Lane-Fox Pitt Rivers to the Annual Meeting of the Royal Archaeological Institute held at Salisbury. Reprinted from the Archaeological Journal vol. xliv, p. 271 Exeter: William Pollard & Co., Printers, North Street, 1887.' Handwritten on top 'Archaeol. Journal XLIV pp. 261-77 ][This obtained from another unnamed source]

    [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1887. [b]. 'Inaugural Address at the annual meeting of the Archaeological Institution held at Salisbury', Archaeological Journal, 44 (1887), pp. 261-277.
    Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1887. [c]. 'Presidential Address at the Salisbury Meeting of the Royal Archaeological Institution', Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, 24 (1887), pp. 7-22.]

    Box 7/7          1892 'General Theory and Classification Section: Exhibition of Charms and Amulets' by Dr E.B. Tylor extracted from Transactions of the International Folklore-Congress 1891 London (D Nutt) 1892

    Box 7/8          1901 'A memoir of General Pitt-Rivers D.C.L., F.R.S. by H. St George Gray Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society vol XLVII 1901'

    Box 7/9          2 x 'The Rushmore-Larmer Golf Links' Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St Martin's Lane, WC.

    Box 7/10        'Handley Division Election of County Councillor Speech of General Pitt Rivers at a meeting of the Electors at Handley, on November 21st, 1888. Rev. G.H. Waterfall in the Chair'

    Box 7/11        'Notes on Human Remains Discovered by General Pitt-Rivers D.C.L. F.R.S. at Woodyates, Wiltshire. By J.G. Garson, M.D., V.P.A.I., Lecturer in Comparative Anatomy at Charing Cross Hospital Medical School, London.'

    Box 7/12        3 x copies of 1881 'Report on the Excavation of the Earthwork known as Ambresbury Banks, Epping Forest' by Major-General A. Pitt-Rivers FRS President of the Anthropological Institute (Read at the Chelmsford Meeting of the Club, August 13th, and at the York Meeting of the British Association, September 5th 1881)' [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1881. [d]. 'Report on the excavation of the earthwork known as Ambresbury Banks, Epping Forest'. Transactions of the Epping Forest and County Essex Natural Field Club, 2 (1881), pp. 55-68 also Report: British Association for the Advancement of Science (1881), p. 697.] [1 copy obtained from another unnamed source]

    Box 7 / 13      4 copies of 'Excavations in Bokerley and Wansdyke, and their bearing on the Roman Occupation of Britain by Lieut-General Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S. F.S.A. (Reprinted from the Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society 1890 Manchester 1891'. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1891. [c] Excavations in Bokerly and Wansdyke and their bearing on the Roman occupation of Britain. Reprinted from the Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 1890. Privately printed (Manchester: Manchester Press Co. Ltd).] [1 copy obtained from another unnamed source]

    Box 7 /14       2 x 'Inaugural Address of Lieut-General A.H. Lane-Fox Pitt Rivers to the Annual Meeting of the Royal Archaeological Institute held at Salisbury Reprinted from the Archaeological Journal vol xliv p 271 Exeter: William Pollard and Co, Printers, North Street, 1887'. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1887. [b]. 'Inaugural Address at the annual meeting of the Archaeological Institution held at Salisbury', Archaeological Journal, 44 (1887), pp. 261-277.]

    Box 7/15        4 x 1888 'Address to the Anthropological Section of the British Association by Lieut General Pitt-Rivers, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.G.S., F.S.A. President of the Section'. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1888. [c]. 'Address as President of the Anthropological Section of the British Association, Bath, September 6, 1888', Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1888), pp. 825-835. Transcription found here]. [1 copy obtained from another unnamed source]

    Box 7/16        4 x 1897 'Presidential Address to the Dorchester Meeting of the Institute by Lieut-General Pitt-Rivers F.R.S. F.S.A. Reprinted from The Archaeological Journal, December, 1897 London Harrison and Sons St Martin's Lane Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty 1897'. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1897. [b] Address to the Archaeological Institute of Dorchester, August 3, 1897. Illustrated to serve as a guide to the bronze and stone age models in the museum, Farnham, Dorset. Privately printed (London: Harrison and Sons).] NB 3 versions uncut, 1 copy obtained from another unnamed source.

    [See also Box 9/5 for a much larger version of the same offprint, bound in soft bindings in blue and cream]

    Box 7/17        2 x 1875 'Excavations in Cissbury Camp, Sussex by Colonel A. Lane Fox' [AI] NB one version substantially uncut [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1876. [a]. 'Excavations in Cissbury Camp, Sussex', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 5 (1876), pp. 357-389 also Report: British Association for the Advancement of Science, (1875), p. 173.]

    Box 7/18        3 x 1875 'On the principles of Classification adopted in the Arrangement of his Anthropological Collection now exhibited in The Bethnal Green Museum by Col. A. Lane Fox [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1875. [a]. 'On the principles of classification adopted in the arrangement of his anthropological collection, now exhibited in the Bethnal Green Museum', Journal of Anthropological Institute, ... 4 (1875), pp. 293-308 [read at the special meeting of the Institute held at Bethnal Green Museum on 1st July 1874 on the occasion of the opening of the collection to the public]. [Transcription found here]. [1 copy obtained from another unnamed source]

    Box 7/19        2 x copies of 1867 'Primitive Warfare' JRUSI vol xiii Part III [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1867. [c]. 'Primitive Warfare. Parts I - III'. Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 11 (1867), pp. 612-643, and Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 12 (1868), pp. 399-439, and Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 13 (1868), pp. 509-539. [Transcriptions to be found here]

    Box 7/20        2 copies x 1881 'On the discovery of chert implements in Stratfield Gravel in the Nile Valley near Thebes by Major-General Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S. Pres. Anthrop. Inst. 1 copy is Hardbound leather and gilt off-print with marbled endpapers, the other is a soft bound offprint obtained from another unnamed source [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1881. [c]. 'On the discovery of chert implements in stratified gravel in the Nile Valley near Thebes', Journal of the Anthropological Institute ..., 11 (1881), pp. 382-400.]

    Box 8: Offprints  etc

    [NB These came to the Museum through various, mostly unrecorded sources, not through Anthony Pitt-Rivers]. *

    Box 8/1          1875 'Royal Institution On the Evolution of Culture by Col. A. Lane Fox' handwritten at top, 'F.W.? James' [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1875. [b]. 'On the Evolution of Cultur', Journal of the Royal Institute, 7 (1875), pp. 357-389. [Transcription foundhere].

    Box 8/2          2 x 'Address delivered at the Anniversary meeting of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland on the 25th January 1876, by Colonel A. Lane Fox, President of the Institute;. [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1876. [b]. 'Presidential Address to the Anthropological Institute', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 5 (1876), pp. 468-488.]

    Box 8/3          'On an ancient British settlement near Rushmore, Salisbury by Lieut-General Pitt Rivers, D.C.L., F.R.S. Vice-President Anthrop. Inst. London: Harrison and Sons, St Martin's Lane, Printers in ordinary to Her Majesty. 1888'.  [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1888. [a]. 'On an ancient British settlement excavated near Rushmore, Salisbury', Journal of the Anthropological Institute ..., 17 (1888), pp.190-201.][NB notice misquote of title, the second is correct version in journal]

    Box 8/4          2 x copies of 'Primitive Warfare from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution vol xiii' [Part I, see 8/5 for part II and Box 7 for Part III]

    Second copy of 'Primitive Warfare' Part I, in another format. [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1867. [c]. 'Primitive Warfare'. Parts I - III'. Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 11 (1867), pp. 612-643, and Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 12 (1868), pp. 399-439, and Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 13 (1868), pp. 509-539. [Transcriptions to be found here]

    Box 8/5          'Primitive Warfare, Section II On the Resemblance of the weapons of early races; their variations, continuity, and development of form A lecture delivered at the Royal United Service Institution'. Written on front inside cover 'H.N. Moseley'. See Box 7 for Part III] Outside paper cover in poor condition, back portion no longer survives, front cover detached.

    Second copy of Primitive Warfare Part II, in another format. [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1867. [c]. 'Primitive Warfare'. Parts I - III'. Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 11 (1867), pp. 612-643, and Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 12 (1868), pp. 399-439, and Journal of the Royal United Services Institution 13 (1868), pp. 509-539. [Transcriptions to be found here]

    Box 8/6          'Excavation in the Earthwork called Dane's Dyke …' [without cover] [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1882. [a]. 'On excavations in the Earthwork called Dane's Dyke at Flamborough in October 1879 and on the Earthworks of the Yorkshire Wolds', Journal of the Anthropological Institute ..., 11(1881), pp. 455-471 and Report: British Association for the Advancement of Science (1881), p. 690.]

    Box 8/7          Rolleston 'Report of Excavation of a Twin-Barrow …' [without cover] and second version with cover 'Report of Excavation of a Twin-Barrow and a Single Round Barrow at Sigwell (Six Wells) Parish of Compton Somerset by Professor Rolleston, M.D., F.R.S. and Major-General A. Lane Fox, F.R.S. with an appendix on the topography of Sigwell. London: Harrison and Sons, St Martin's Lane, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty 1878' [Fox, A.H. Lane and G. Rolleston. 1878. 'Report of the Excavation of a twin-barrow and a single round barrow at Sigwell (Six wells) Parish of Compton, Somerset', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 8 (1878), pp. 185-194.]

    Box 8/8          'On some flint implements found associated with Roman Remains in Oxfordshire and the Isle of Thanet. By Col. A. Lane Fox, Hon. Sec.' [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1869. [a]. 'Flint Implements, found associated with Roman remains in Oxfordshire and the Isle of Thanet', Journal of the Ethnological Society of London, NS1 (1869), pp. 1-12.]

    Box 8/9          'The President's Annual Address' (Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute May 1877)'. [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1877. [c]. 'Presidential Address to the Anthropological Institute', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 6 (1877), pp. 491-510.]

    Box 8/10        'Exhibition of Votive Statuettes found at Tanagra, Beotia. By Col. A. Lane Fox' [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1876. [e]. 'On some Votive Statuettes found in Tombs at Tanagra, Beotia', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 6 (1876), pp. 310-316].

    Box 8/11        'Report by Col. A. Lane Fox, F.R.S., Commanding 48th Brigade Depot, on Measurements taken of the Officers and Men of the 2nd Royal Surrey Militia …' [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1877. [b]. 'Report on Measurements of the whole of the Officers and Men of the 2nd Royal Surrey Militia, according to the General Instructions drawn up by the Anthropological Committee of the British Association', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 6 (1877), pp. 443-457.]

    Box 8/12        'On Early Modes of Navigation by Colonel A. Lane Fox'. [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1874. [c]. 'On Early Modes of Navigation', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 4 (1874), pp. 399-435.]

    Box 8/13        'Patagonian Stone Implements by Colonel A. Lane Fox'. [Presumably Fox, A.H. Lane. 1874. [a]. 'On a series of about two hundred Flint and Chert arrowheads, Flakes, Thumbflints, and Borers, from the Rio Negro, Patagonia; with some remarks on the stability of forms observable in stone implements. With discussion', Journal of Anthropological Institute ..., 4 (1874), pp. 311-320.]

    Box 8/14        'Note on the use of New Zealand Mere Col: Lane Fox' [offprint in very bad condition, broken in two halves][Fox, A.H. Lane. 1870. [a]. 'Note on the use of the New Zealand mere', Journal of the Ethnological Society of London, NS2 (1870) pp. 106-109.]

    Box 8/15        'From the report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science for 1872. Address to the Department of Anthropology by Colonel A. Lane Fox, F.G.S., F.S.A.'. [Fox, A.H. ;Lane. 1872. [b]. 'Address to the Department of Anthropology of the British Association at Brighton', Report: British Association for the Advancement of Science (1872), pp. 157-174. Transcription found here]

    Box 8/16        [1900?] 'A short guide to the Larmer Grounds, Rushmore; St John's House and The Museum at Farnham, Dorset by Lt.-Gen. Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S. F.S.[A]'. [broken into two halves][This is the longest edition I have seen, it ends with a photograph of a race meeting at the Larmer Gardens, it is obviously an edition but it is undated]

    Another copy of the longer edition of the short guide [?1900] with covering typed note: 'Pitt Rivers Museum Archives General Pitt Rivers' pamphlets 35a 2nd copy of 'A short guide to the Larmer Grounds' d.d. September 1985 by Mr A. Barrett, … Oxford whose father was a Rushmore Estate worker and played in the band at the Larmer Grounds. E.E. [Elizabeth Edwards] 17.10.85

    Shorter edition of the above guide [with the same title][?1894] At top in pencil 'M.F. Cobb 15.9.94' in pencil

    Second copy of the shorter edition. At top, handwritten, 'Henry Balfour From the Writer' [?1894] [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1894. A Short Guide to the Larmer Grounds, Rushmore, King John's House, Farnham Museum and neighbourhood. Rushmore Privately printed [second enlarged edition in 1900, reprinted 1995]].

    Box 8/17        'Catalogue of Pictures and Objects of Art, exhibited at the Larmer Grounds 1895'. [Find transcription here]

    Box 8/18       'Excavations of the South Lodge Camp, Rushmore Park. An entrenchment of the Bronze Age. By Lt.-General Pitt-Rivers, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. (Reprinted from the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, vol. xxvii, p 206). [Front cover is no longer attached][Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1892. [b] 'Excavations in the South Lodge Camp, Rushmore Park', Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, 27 (1893), pp. 206-222.]

    Box 8/19        2 x copies of 'Inaugural address by the President of the Society Lt.-Gen. Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S., F.S.A. On the excavations at Rotherley, Woodcuts and Bokerly Dyke'. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1890. [c] 'Inaugural Address on the Excavations at Rotherley, Woodcuts and Bokerly Dyke, to the Wiltshire Archaeological Society', ;Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, 25 (1890), 283-311.]

    Box 8/20        Loose coloured illustrations from journal article, Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1881. [c]. 'On the discovery of chert implements in stratified gravel in the Nile Valley near Thebes', Journal of the Anthropological Institute ..., 11 (1881), pp. 382-400.:

    Morpholites found on the surface near Gebel Assart Thebes half size [Plate XXXII]

    Chipped Flint Bracelets found in a tomb near Koorneh [Plate XXXI]

    Chert Flakes found in the gravel at the sides of El Waddi x 2 copies [Plate XXXV]

    Plans and sections at El Waddi, showing the position of the implements [Plate XXXIV]

    Chert Sacrificial Knife found at Kom Ombos [Plate XXXIII]

    Illustration without single caption showing 2 stone tools x 2 copies [Plate XXXVI]

    Chert implements found on the surface near the tomb of Mericara, Asyoot half size [Plate XXVIII]

    Illustration without single caption showing 6 stone tools [Plate XXIX]

    * Note where, in a small number of cases, the pamphlets from other sources duplicated holdings in Box 7, they have been added to that box to make retrieval more straightforward. These have been noted in the above catalogue

    Box 9 Hardbound books

    Box 9/1          'King John's House, Tollard Royal, Wilts. By Lieutenant-General Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S., F.S.A. 1890 Printed privately 1890'. Blue hardbound with gold decoration. On title page is handwritten 'Mr. Tom Jones from the author' in Pitt-Rivers' handwriting. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1890. [a] King John's House, Tollard Royal, Wilts. Printed privately.]

    Box 9/2          'On the Development and Distribution of Primitive Locks and Keys by Lieut.-General Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S. Illustrated by specimens in the Pitt-Rivers collection. … London: Chatto and Windus, Piccadilly 1883'. On spine 'Primitive Locks and Keys General Pitt-Rivers' Red hardbound copy. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1883. [c]. On the development and distribution of primitive locks and keys: illustrated by specimens in the Pitt Rivers Collection. London Chatto and Windus. [Transcription of introduction here].

    Box 9/3          3 x 'Report on Excavations in the Pen Pits, near Penselwood, Somerset. By Lieut-General A. Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S. … London: Harrison and Sons, St Martin's Lane, Printers in ordinary to Her Majesty 1884' Soft bound in pale green covers. Copies marked 'From the Author' [not in Pitt-Rivers handwriting][Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1884. [b]. Report on excavations in the Pen Pits near Penselwood, Somerset. London Privately printed.]

    Box 9/4          'Examination of the Hill Forts of Sussex with an account of excavations at Cissbury and Highdown communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by Colonel Augustus Henry Lane  Fox, F.S.A. London: Printed by J.B. Nichols & Sons, 25, Parliament Street 1869' Soft bound in beige cover. [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1869. [h] Examination of the Hill Forts of Sussex, with an account of Excavations of Cissbury and Highdown. Reprinted from The Archaeologia, vol. XLII. London: JB Nichols & Sons.]

    Box 9/5          2 x 1897 'Address to the Archaeological Institute of Dorchester, August 3, 1897. Illustrated to serve as a guide to the bronze and stone age models in the museum, Farnham, Dorset.' Soft bound in blue and cream [See also Box 7/16 for smaller offprints of the same article] [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1897. [b] Address to the Archaeological Institute of Dorchester, August 3, 1897. Illustrated to serve as a guide to the bronze and stone age models in the museum, Farnham, Dorset. Privately printed (London: Harrison and Sons).]

    Box 10: Soft bound Pitt-Rivers publications (post 1880) in large format

    Box 10 / 1     Three identical soft-bound, grey (or faded pale blue?) covered copies of 'Excavations at Mount Caburn Camp near Lewes, conducted in September and October 1877 and July 1878. Communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by Major-General Augustus Lane Fox, F.R.S., F.S.A. (now Major-General Pitt Rivers) Westminster: Printed by J.B. Nichols and Sons, 25 Parliament Street. 1881' [Fox, A.H. Lane. 1878 / 1881. 'Excavations at Mount Caburn camp near Lewes, conducted in 1877 and 1878, Archaeologia, 46 (1881), pp. 423-495.]

    Box 10 / 2     Three identical soft-bound pale brown covered copies of 'Excavations at Caesar's Camp, Folkestone, conducted in June and July, 1878. Communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by Major-General Augustus H.L.F. Pitt-Rivers, F.R.S., F.S.A. by whom the excavations were conducted. Westminster: Printed by Nichols and Sons, 25, Parliament Street. 1882 [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1880/ 1883. 'Excavations at Caesar's Camp, near Folkestone conducted in 1878', Archaeologia, 47 (1883), pp. 429-465.]

    Box 10 / 3     A soft bound in pale brown cover single copy of 'Antique Works of Art from Benin, Collected by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. Inspector of Ancient Monuments in Great Britain, &c. Printed Privately 1900'. [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1900. Antique Works of Art from Benin Collected by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers, no place: privately published. [Transcription of introduction found here]]

    Box 11: Soft bound Pitt-Rivers publication (post 1880) in large format

    Box 11 / 1     A single copy, soft-covered in grey-brown of the large volume 'Excavations on Cranborne Chase near Rushmore, on the borders of Dorset and Wilts, 1880-1888, by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., F.Z.S., V.P. Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland; Foreign Associate of the Anthropological Society of Paris; Hon. Associate of the Socièta Italiana di Antropologia e di Etnologia; Hon. Member of the Anthropological Society of Washington; Inspector of Ancient Monuments in Great Britain. Vol II. Printed privately 1888.' [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1888 'Excavations in Barrows near Rushmore. Excavations in the Romano-British village Rotherly. Excavations in Cranborne Chase' vol II, Rushmore, Privately printed.]

    Box 12:Soft bound Pitt-Rivers publication (post 1880) in large format

    Box 12 / 1     A single copy, soft-covered in grey-brown of the large volume 'Excavations in Bokerly and Wansdyke, Dorset and Wilts. 1888-1891, by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., Inspector of Ancient Monuments in Great Britain &c. Vol III. Printed privately 1892.' [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1892.'Excavations in Bokerley Dyke and Wansdyke Dorset and Wilts' 1888-91, vol III of Cranborne Chase, Rushmore, privately printed.]

    Box 13:Soft bound Pitt-Rivers publication (post 1880) in large format

    Box 13 / 1     A single copy, soft-covered in grey-green of the large volume 'Excavations in Cranborne Chase near Rushmore, on the borders of Dorset and Wilts, 1893-1896, by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., Inspector of Ancient Monuments in Great Britain &c. Vol IV. Printed privately 1898.' [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1898. 'Excavations in Cranborne Chase'. vol IV, Rushmore, Privately printed..]

    NB Boxes 14-16 [3 volumes of publications] were donated by Joshua Pollard 2013

    Boxes 14 - 16: Three hard-bound Pitt-Rivers publications (post 1880) in large format donated by Joshua Pollard

    Box 14 / 1     A single copy, hard-bound in dark blue leather with gold decoration of the large volume 'Excavations on Cranborne Chase near Rushmore, on the borders of Dorset and Wilts, by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., F.Z.S., V.P. Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland; Foreign Associate of the Anthropological Society of Paris; Hon. Associate of the Socièta Italiana di Antropologia e di Etnologia; Hon. Member of the Anthropological Society of Washington; Inspector of Ancient Monuments in Great Britain. Vol I. Printed privately 1888.' On the spine is tooled 'Excavations on Cranborne Chase / Romano-British village Woodcuts and Rushmore Park 81-3 / Lieut.-General Pitt Rivers F.R.S.' [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1887. Excavations in Cranborne Chase near Rushmore on the borders of Dorset and Wiltshire vol I, Rushmore, privately printed. [Transcription found here].]

    Donated by Joshua Pollard 2013

    Box 15 / 1     A single copy, hard-bound in dark blue leather with gold decoration of the large volume 'Excavations on Cranborne Chase near Rushmore, on the borders of Dorset and Wilts, 1880-1888, by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., F.Z.S., V.P. Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland; Foreign Associate of the Anthropological Society of Paris; Hon. Associate of the Socièta Italiana di Antropologia e di Etnologia; Hon. Member of the Anthropological Society of Washington; Inspector of Ancient Monuments in Great Britain. Vol II. Printed privately 1888.' On the spine is tooled 'Excavations on Cranborne Chase / Barrows near Rushmore /Romano-British village Rotherly/ Winkelbury Camp / Anglo-Saxon Cemetery, Winkelbury Hill / Lieut.-General Pitt Rivers F.R.S.' [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1888 'Excavations in Barrows near Rushmore. Excavations in the Romano-British village Rotherly. Excavations in Cranborne Chase' vol II, Rushmore, Privately printed.]

    Donated by Joshua Pollard 2013

    Box 16 / 1     A single copy, hard-bound in dark blue leather with gold decoration of the large volume 'Excavations in Cranborne Chase near Rushmore, on the borders of Dorset and Wilts, 1893-1896, by Lieutenant-General Pitt Rivers D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., Inspector of Ancient Monuments in Great Britain &c. Vol IV. Printed privately 1898.' On the spine is tooled 'Excavations on Cranborne Chase /  South Lodge Camp[, Rushmore Park / Handley Village Entrenchment / Stone and Bronze Age Barrows and Camp, Handley, Dorset / Martin Down Camp / &c. / Lieut.-General Pitt Rivers F.R.S.' [Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1898. 'Excavations in Cranborne Chase'. vol IV, Rushmore, Privately printed..]

    Donated by Joshua Pollard 2013

    Please note unless otherwise stated all items were donated by Anthony Pitt-Rivers 2012.

    Related Resources

    Collections of papers: Salisbury Museum; Cambridge University Library

    Collections of objects: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford

    National Register of Archives: Rivers, Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt- (1827-1900) Lieutenant General, Anthropologist, Archaeologist Link to record (external site)

    Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Rivers, Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt- (1827-1900), anthropologist and archaeologist Link to article (external site)

    Enquiries: ms-photo.colls@prm.ox.ac.uk

    Listing prepared by Alison Petch October - November 2014, all documents digitized January - February 2015.

    Enquiries: ms-photo.colls@prm.ox.ac.uk